Alabama Butterfly Atlas

The Flight Periods Graph illustrates the timing of a species’ flight and gives an idea of your chances of encountering that butterfly during a particular time period.

Not all butterfly species that occur in Alabama can be seen on any given day.  Adult butterflies emerge from their chrysalides during particular times of the year when weather and food resources are the best for survival.  The time that adult butterflies are on the wing is called a flight.

The Flight Periods Graph lists the species observed, the number of individuals observed, and the month of the year.  Each month is divided into four periods.  The numbers are based on accumulated field data beginning in 2000.

USING THE GRAPH: Enter the name of a butterfly species in the SEARCH field to see its flight date records. To get a picture of which species are flying on a particular date, select that time period on the heading row of the chart.  Click once to sort from lowest to highest number of individuals for each species recorded during that time period.  Double click to sort from highest to lowest numbers.  Click on a common name to go to that species account within this atlas. 

Common Name Feb2 Feb3 Feb4 Mar1 Mar2 Mar3 Mar4 Apr1 Apr2 Apr3 Apr4 May1 May2 May3 May4 Jun1 Jun2 Jun3 Jun4 Jul1 Jul2 Jul3 Jul4 Aug1 Aug2 Aug3 Aug4 Sep1 Sep2 Sep3 Sep4 Oct1 Oct2 Oct3 Oct4 Nov1 Nov2 Nov3
Silver-spotted Skipper|53 1 3 14 22 10 43 63 42 37 30 37 15 9 15 19 50 57 54 160 81 64 38 70 33 45 20 11 8 3 3
Long-tailed Skipper|149 1 1 25 1 1 4 5 19 4 10 12 15 20 51 41 42 48 46 58 167 12 10 9 1 2
Golden Banded-Skipper|23 4 1 1 2 1
Hoary Edge|2 6 8 19 31 35 36 39 19 25 5 11 32 32 33 24 53 10 16 3 2
Northern Cloudywing|146 9 14 23 32 21 15 15 21 17 12 2 2 2 1 8 7 8 17 9 8
Southern Cloudywing|147 5 8 9 16 16 5 7 2 7 10 5 1 13 5 23 27 18 11 19 6 15 1 1 2
Confused Cloudywing|148 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 7 4 3 1 1 1
Hayhurst's Scallopwing|144 1 2 2 1 1
Sleepy Duskywing|56 2 6 5 54 42 32 11 1
Juvenal's Duskywing|57 71 109 153 601 628 338 193 21 14 11 5 1 1
Horace's Duskywing|58 2 6 11 29 5 2 9 3 1 2 42 93 125 56 25 42 37 66 29 66 42 52 68 86 44 18 9 3 3 14 3
Mottled Duskywing|59 1 6 1 2 2
Zarucco Duskywing|60 1 3 1 4 3 1 3 14 3 2 2 5 5 8 9 3 4 15 9 5 4 3 12 1
Funereal Duskywing|61 1 1 5 1 1 1
Wild Indigo Duskywing|62 5 6 15 12 11 4 2 3 6 5 12 6 5 6 12 2 9 12 2 5 5 9 8 6 3 4 5
Common Checkered-Skipper / White Checkered-Skipper|131 4 3 22 27 41 88 69 10 26 16 9 49 60 25 5 5 6 9 42 56 11 28 5 18 29 28 52 65 78 135 85 97 48 45 42 31 7
Tropical Checkered-Skipper|133 3 1 4 1 9 1 2 7 16 6 5 7 7 21 7 7 14 1 7 34 6 2 3 2
Common Sootywing|114 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 3 1
Swarthy Skipper|97 1 1 1 1 1 14 10 4 14 1 6 1 13 11 2 15 8
Clouded Skipper|87 8 3 26 37 16 28 19 18 12 3 8 19 26 10 15 18 22 16 48 32 107 131 77 88 364 234 121 95 50 23 5
Least Skipper|13 1 2 7 7 7 10 10 10 5 4 11 26 8 9 11 27 7 14 6 35 41 50 16 20 6 18 1 2
Southern Skipperling|44 1 1 1 1 29 2 5 5 1 25 5 40 16 7 15 34 9 13 9 1 44 55 20 7 7 18 3 3 1
Fiery Skipper|84 14 2 4 2 3 13 13 10 22 37 48 15 26 46 33 52 26 120 248 193 177 354 46 102 101 212 298 244 238 316 237 73 38 30 25 29 6
Dotted Skipper|82 1
Cobweb Skipper|81 1 4 1
Sachem|19 1 4 24 1 1 14 8 20 3 6 13 26 32 17 3 22 14 2 5 1 1
Tawny-edged Skipper|123 2 6 1 5 17 7 2 1 2 3 2 1 5 5 10 2 13 12 2 5
Crossline Skipper|124 1 2 13 7 6 3 8 1 1 2 2 16 1 7 11
Whirlabout|125 1 4 3 1 7 10 8 7 6 7 21 23 5 9 6 5 12 13 6 10 26 10 20 20 4
Northern Broken-Dash|154 2 3 4 5 6 2 1 2 2 1 2 4 2 9 5 4 1
Southern Broken-Dash|153 1 2 2 5 11 12 33 5 1 4 2 7 1 15 6 22 8 25 17 10 13 14 1 21 1 6
Little Glassywing|128 5 25 24 11 17 4 6 2 4 7 20 84 67 27 12 18 2 4 8 6 7 2
Delaware Skipper|12 7 1 2 1 1 3 2 1 1 3 5 7 6
Byssus Skipper|130 4 2 6 17 3 1 1 2 5 15 51 5 1 2 5
Hobomok Skipper|119 2 1 1 3 10 61 6 8 1
Zabulon Skipper|120 3 13 19 41 51 64 115 37 36 4 3 5 3 14 12 2 13 17 33 10 26 24 12 4 7 4
Broad-winged Skipper|121 2 2 1 2 2 2 9 1 1 1 1 13 1
Yehl Skipper|122 1 6 3 1 5 1 1 5 4 1
Palatka Skipper|63 1 2 13 2 10
Berry's Skipper|156 1
Dion Skipper|64 1 1 2 13 18 1 1 2
Bay Skipper|65 1
Duke's Skipper|67 1
Palmetto Skipper|68 1 9 1
Dun Skipper|70 6 1 7 14 10 12 10 19 11 7 5 16 7 24 13 19 9 25 5 51 25 29 15 16 15 4 3
Dusted Skipper|22 1 5 1
Pepper and Salt Skipper|4 1 14 18 16 17 11 15 32 4 8 1 1 1 3
Reversed Roadside-Skipper|5 2 2 1
Lace-winged Roadside-Skipper|6 1 4 3 4 4 12 2 35 7 1 2 2 3 11 40 145 8 36 18 96 36 208 2 5 3
Common Roadside-Skipper|7 1 4 14 15 5 1 1 2 3 11 1
Bell's Roadside Skipper|9 3
Eufala Skipper|88 1 1 1 3 6 8 1 1 6 5 7 14 5 10 1
Twin-spot Skipper|103 1 1 13 1 1 1 5 15 27 24 6 1 4 2 10
Brazilian Skipper|34 25 1 1 2 4 5 13 8 3 5 1 3 1
Salt Marsh Skipper|104 2 1 1 1 1 4 2 3 3 5
Ocola Skipper|105 2 1 3 9 14 5 3 5 8 23 28 39 39 45 85 180 24 48 11 9 7
Yucca Giant-Skipper|94 1 2 8 22 5 7 1 1
Pipevine Swallowtail|24 5 6 20 84 100 50 59 87 12 26 75 45 100 38 36 63 51 94 37 84 16 46 52 112 58 69 103 59 55 25 6 4 1
Zebra Swallowtail|73 25 66 60 181 177 110 174 69 28 51 21 23 11 10 4 7 5 4 1 22 3 20 32 22 117 59 20 74 49 7 22 36 7
Black Swallowtail|106 1 1 7 8 12 8 11 7 1 19 2 5 17 1 1 3 24 11 11 9 7 3 20 10 30 11 14 11 1 1 2
Appalachian Tiger Swallowtail|107 5
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail|108 2 11 37 140 245 246 220 230 200 42 105 28 61 78 42 38 70 42 130 49 96 81 101 148 198 66 27 19 32 5 1
Spicebush Swallowtail|109 7 5 11 85 76 41 90 125 47 68 38 60 38 18 14 28 7 104 60 89 68 36 54 90 31 7 9 3 1 1
Palamedes Swallowtail|110 24 19 18 26 42 22 8 4 12 7 6 1 9 9 8 3 9 38 25 49 10 50 6 5 17 1 1
Giant Swallowtail|111 4 7 1 3 4 7 1 6 9 2 4 4 3 4 2 4 2 4 9 11 3 3 7 1 2 5 1
Falcate Orangetip|15 27 13 64 133 126 132 159 29 1
West Virginia White|117 1 5 16 9 4 1
Cabbage White|118 4 2 22 50 24 61 13 13 27 19 66 20 61 40 14 12 9 97 56 40 10 24 10 6 2 5 13 7 14 19 19 2 2 8 2 4
Checkered White|129 1 1 1 4 3 9 1 1 4 21 3 17 1 1 2 1 3 3
Great Southern White|16 1 25 53 8 1 1
Clouded Sulphur|42 1 1 3 2 5 2 1 9 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Orange Sulphur|43 1 7 4 17 25 11 3 14 19 70 35 13 35 6 3 8 3 13 3 4 1 1 1 3 2 4 9 1 9 5 1 1
Southern Dogface|155 1 3 2 3 1 40 1 16 1 1 1 8 9 2 7 1 3 2 27 19 38 15 11 2 4 2 1
Cloudless Sulphur|113 2 18 1 12 36 100 81 41 78 64 42 35 22 20 10 15 3 11 35 25 46 21 43 64 66 178 329 313 221 397 357 139 178 75 56 40 19 7
Barred Yellow|72 1 1 1 1 1 5 5 2 2 1 6 1 1 3 3 22 9 9 11 6 9 8 9 2 1
Little Yellow|134 3 2 2 1 1 5 13 12 11 1 7 18 43 38 72 45 34 104 292 539 295 272 341 236 136 87 18 52 7 9
Sleepy Orange|1 1 1 30 12 22 18 9 8 4 5 14 2 11 12 14 12 17 62 51 95 55 92 57 53 163 120 101 137 151 215 76 78 60 22 23 9 9
Dainty Sulphur|98 1 1 3 1 5 3 8 11 1 8 7 2 3 1 1
Harvester|75 7 4 7 1 6 5 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1
American Copper|92 1 3 1 1
Great Purple Hairstreak|20 1 3 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 4 6 2 1 2 2
Hessel's Hairstreak|29 1 3 35 6 2
Juniper Hairstreak|30 2 1 8 18 19 8 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 28
Brown Elfin|31 17 2 1
Henry's Elfin|33 11 9 17 24 27 19 2 2
Eastern Pine Elfin|28 1 1 2 4 2 1 1 2 1 1 1
Oak Hairstreak|135 25 3 4 8 3
Coral Hairstreak|136 17 14 34 12 1 2
Edwards' Hairstreak|137 1
Banded Hairstreak|138 1 11 28 33 38 25 5 4
King's Hairstreak|139 4 1
Striped Hairstreak|140 1 1 4 18 3 2 1 1 1
Red-banded Hairstreak|35 1 56 10 52 119 182 321 211 40 22 17 7 12 13 24 138 28 50 10 8 4 8 28 28 162 203 149 100 113 50 43 11 5 9
Gray Hairstreak|145 3 2 2 2 13 1 36 3 23 7 4 3 15 22 33 12 27 26 28 46 28 48 38 30 53 24 31 2 1 3
White-M Hairstreak|112 3 4 1 1 1 1 2 1
Early Hairstreak|54 1
Eastern Pygmy-Blue|25 1
Eastern Tailed-Blue|45 2 13 85 156 89 174 102 48 55 64 126 61 73 124 85 84 32 28 55 48 68 47 90 144 58 66 184 186 54 10 4 2 2
Spring Azure|36 11 25 38 77 39 29 44 15 23 17 7 1
Summer Azure|37 2 3 18 75 126 138 183 303 100 73 31 59 26 60 27 15 25 13 79 27 12 5 54 1
Appalachian Azure|38 1
Silvery Blue|76 1 1 1
Ceraunus Blue|78 1
Little Metalmark|26 15 3 1 1 11 7 20 51 5 5
Swamp Metalmark|27 4 34 5 10 2 6 10 11 6 2 1
American Snout|89 3 5 18 8 19 39 8 24 17 64 37 134 43 41 77 17 63 37 72 17 31 20 11 14 12 12 55 13 27 2 8 5 2 7 4
Monarch|47 3 1 1 2 9 7 9 4 3 5 4 2 1 1 1 2 4 6 2 8 10 41 60 50 44 32 65 113 26 58 21 3 7
Queen|48 1 1 4 1 7 1
Gulf Fritillary|3 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 2 3 6 5 12 11 15 35 22 42 70 132 187 129 322 358 285 546 68 92 61 28 22
Zebra Longwing|77 1 3 13 2 18 1 9 7 1 4 2 2 1
Variegated Fritillary|71 1 2 1 13 5 21 12 14 14 11 10 14 11 4 8 2 9 4 9 8 4 27 7 12 17 9 34 43 12 20 3 17 11 2 1
Diana Fritillary|142 2 35 6 2 6 1 1 3 1 6 8 1
Great Spangled Fritillary|143 1 21 6 6 158 34 20 15 1 11 3 2 3 9 5 25 10 2 2 2 2 1 1
Red-spotted Purple|90 1 4 7 29 65 61 44 106 48 70 66 74 76 50 58 52 35 42 40 32 81 150 151 67 34 29 29 8 4 1 1
Viceroy|91 1 1 3 4 3 12 2 1 11 2 3 8 23 8 8 5 5 8 11 6 35 27 47 39 23 19 15 9 7 9 3
Hackberry Emperor|17 1 6 2 21 109 20 40 68 15 12 21 39 71 48 38 49 6 25 70 76 192 66 44 13 6 2 1
Tawny Emperor|18 1 2 2 14 2 3 3 4 7 1 37 4 3 12 31 13 14 7 3 1 2
Silvery Checkerspot|40 1 2 7 19 68 62 1 1 2 11 5 38 111 3 6 6 27 160 26 5 1 1
Phaon Crescent|115 1 1 1 2 1 6 16 14 2 32 2 1 1 2 108 8 1 2 19 5 3
Pearl Crescent|116 1 35 27 39 166 227 218 438 232 128 104 187 186 250 180 179 101 130 122 88 134 90 163 160 440 382 260 177 309 335 218 114 121 92 9 2
Texan Crescent|14 5 1 1 9 1 1 29 12 3 8 2 3 2
Baltimore Checkerspot|74 1 5 13 1
Common Buckeye|85 9 1 16 1 9 16 11 66 72 69 100 71 66 81 106 66 58 50 47 84 41 49 24 77 232 204 348 112 237 298 244 351 124 56 67 30 25
White Peacock|11 1 8 1 13 1 1 13 2
Question Mark|126 5 2 25 65 39 41 17 18 10 13 42 45 91 43 43 18 4 10 27 23 15 7 14 21 12 17 25 32 16 19 10 14 10 28 17 22 3 4
Eastern Comma|127 1 5 4 1 2 4 4 6 12 7 9 4 1 3 3 2 1 5 2 2 2 8 2 3 1 2 4 3 2
Mourning Cloak|102 2 3 14 5 14 12 3 10 9 1 8 6 15 8 1 1 1
Red Admiral|150 3 2 4 21 33 21 28 17 22 30 7 17 10 3 6 6 1 16 5 16 7 7 11 12 3 5 5 15 13 9 7 8 1
Painted Lady|151 3 1 2 1 3 1 3 1 3 2 2 1 4 1 2 4 1 16 22 6 6 2 2 1 1
American Lady|152 1 8 2 6 22 32 30 84 51 68 81 56 54 57 30 13 19 19 6 3 6 3 5 6 5 8 8 3 11 8 4 6 3 7 4 3
Goatweed Leafwing|10 6 18 14 18 21 30 13 11 6 7 3 8 1 3 2 2 3 9 3 2 2 2 16 5 1 3 37 5 2 5 1
Southern Pearly-Eye|50 1 1 3 4 6 5 30 8 21 12 31 17 7 13 1 12 1 15 9 2 10 33 26 7 5 8 18 5 10 5 5 1
Northern Pearly-Eye|51 1 3 1 10 60 10 36 4 8 9 3 4 5 9 3 8 1 13 15 2 1 1
Creole Pearly-Eye|52 3 5 8 5 16 25 13 3 10 1 1 11 10 12 3 5 7 6 4 4 2
Appalachian Brown|141 14 1 5 6 6 4 7 10 22 7 9 3 5 1 14 10 2 5 2
Gemmed Satyr|46 8 3 19 30 66 96 55 16 19 17 15 10 14 17 20 23 14 6 23 20 7 31 19 15 10 12 48 12 16 14 13 2
Georgia Satyr|99 13 5 8 1 3 1 7 5 50 1 12 3 2 10
Helicta Satyr|100 5 1 1 2 1
Mitchell's Satyr|101 28 37 4 5 1 19 34 1
Little Wood Satyr|96 1 1 4 38 18 182 303 577 325 226 95 59 121 42 5 7 2 1
Intricate Satyr|157 1 2 2 2 9 7 6 1 1 1 1
Carolina Satyr|79 3 9 42 48 146 333 573 397 355 336 95 193 41 67 255 141 201 189 173 93 193 261 253 851 733 281 160 284 296 136 123 64 64 11 20
Common Wood Nymph|39 1 1 2 3 13 10 6 3 9 1 7 2 9 8 2 6
Leonard's Skipper|80
Mercurial Skipper|158 1
Meske's Skipper|83
Arogos Skipper|21 1
Two-spotted Skipper|69
Dusky Roadside-Skipper|8 1
Cofaqui Giant-Skipper|95 1
Frosted Elfin|32
Cassius Blue|86 3 2 1 1 1
Reakirt's Blue|49 1
Gorgone Checkerspot|41