Alabama Butterfly Atlas

The Flight Periods Graph illustrates the timing of a species’ flight and gives an idea of your chances of encountering that butterfly during a particular time period.

Not all butterfly species that occur in Alabama can be seen on any given day.  Adult butterflies emerge from their chrysalides during particular times of the year when weather and food resources are the best for survival.  The time that adult butterflies are on the wing is called a flight.

The Flight Periods Graph lists the species observed, the number of individuals observed, and the month of the year.  Each month is divided into four periods.  The numbers are based on accumulated field data beginning in 2000.

USING THE GRAPH: Enter the name of a butterfly species in the SEARCH field to see its flight date records. To get a picture of which species are flying on a particular date, select that time period on the heading row of the chart.  Click once to sort from lowest to highest number of individuals for each species recorded during that time period.  Double click to sort from highest to lowest numbers.  Click on a common name to go to that species account within this atlas. 

Common Name Feb2 Feb3 Feb4 Mar1 Mar2 Mar3 Mar4 Apr1 Apr2 Apr3 Apr4 May1 May2 May3 May4 Jun1 Jun2 Jun3 Jun4 Jul1 Jul2 Jul3 Jul4 Aug1 Aug2 Aug3 Aug4 Sep1 Sep2 Sep3 Sep4 Oct1 Oct2 Oct3 Oct4 Nov1 Nov2 Nov3
Silver-spotted Skipper|53 1 1 4 21 22 23 50 71 44 44 38 49 15 9 18 31 60 76 69 188 95 72 40 78 44 61 20 13 9 4 4
Long-tailed Skipper|149 1 1 1 25 1 1 20 7 26 5 10 29 31 24 107 45 73 51 52 65 238 26 25 9 5 3
Golden Banded-Skipper|23 5 1 2 2 1
Hoary Edge|2 6 1 12 27 34 35 36 40 20 26 1 6 19 40 39 55 30 55 10 16 5 4 2 1 2 1
Northern Cloudywing|146 9 16 24 32 21 15 15 22 20 14 2 2 2 2 12 20 20 20 10 8
Southern Cloudywing|147 5 9 9 18 17 6 7 2 7 13 6 1 13 8 26 27 27 18 21 6 16 3 18 1 2
Confused Cloudywing|148 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 9 5 4 2 1 1
Hayhurst's Scallopwing|144 1 2 2 2 1 1
Sleepy Duskywing|56 1 2 6 7 59 50 36 11 1
Juvenal's Duskywing|57 2 1 78 123 176 657 646 379 213 21 14 11 5 1 1 16
Horace's Duskywing|58 1 1 2 6 11 29 6 15 20 3 1 2 49 121 148 76 26 57 38 79 34 76 65 62 73 93 51 49 10 3 3 14 1 3
Mottled Duskywing|59 1 1 6 1 2 2
Zarucco Duskywing|60 1 3 2 5 3 1 3 16 3 2 3 9 10 9 18 4 7 15 10 7 4 3 12 1
Funereal Duskywing|61 1 1 5 1 1 1
Wild Indigo Duskywing|62 6 7 16 17 15 4 2 3 6 6 17 19 5 6 12 2 12 12 2 6 5 9 8 6 3 4 5
Common Checkered-Skipper / White Checkered-Skipper|131 4 3 22 28 41 91 73 20 27 16 9 49 60 28 5 7 6 34 43 85 13 32 11 35 32 54 53 116 82 145 88 105 59 49 42 38 11
White Checkered-Skipper|132 4 1 1
Tropical Checkered-Skipper|133 1 3 1 4 1 9 1 2 7 18 6 5 9 21 21 12 9 1 15 7 9 51 7 2 3 2
Common Sootywing|114 1 1 1 1 8 4 2 1 6 1
Swarthy Skipper|97 1 1 1 1 1 14 10 4 14 3 8 1 13 13 2 15 8 1
Clouded Skipper|87 10 4 27 39 19 29 19 18 12 5 8 19 27 12 16 20 24 20 60 40 119 144 88 92 380 243 126 96 51 23 8 1
Least Skipper|13 1 2 12 7 7 10 10 10 5 6 13 26 9 9 11 29 7 15 6 41 41 70 16 27 6 18 1 2
Southern Skipperling|44 1 1 1 1 1 29 2 5 5 1 25 5 40 16 8 15 34 12 13 9 1 44 60 27 9 8 18 3 4 2
Fiery Skipper|84 14 2 4 2 4 13 13 13 23 37 48 15 27 52 34 58 29 173 262 232 193 357 54 134 112 244 308 257 248 333 241 77 48 36 27 35 11
Dotted Skipper|82 1
Cobweb Skipper|81 1 4 1
Sachem|19 1 4 24 1 1 15 8 22 4 7 2 16 28 33 20 4 30 14 4 2 7 1 1
Tawny-edged Skipper|123 2 6 1 1 5 17 7 2 1 3 3 2 1 5 5 12 3 13 12 2 5
Crossline Skipper|124 1 2 13 7 6 5 8 1 1 3 2 16 1 7 11
Whirlabout|125 1 4 3 2 8 10 8 7 9 11 21 27 5 9 6 13 12 22 8 12 26 15 22 22 4
Northern Broken-Dash|154 2 3 4 7 6 2 1 1 3 2 2 1 2 4 4 9 5 5 1
Southern Broken-Dash|153 1 2 2 6 12 12 37 5 1 1 5 2 7 1 15 6 22 8 25 19 13 13 14 1 21 1 6 1
Little Glassywing|128 7 26 25 11 18 5 7 2 4 7 20 87 70 27 12 26 2 7 8 7 7 2
Delaware Skipper|12 7 1 2 1 1 3 2 1 5 5 5 9 6
Byssus Skipper|130 4 2 8 17 3 1 2 4 6 15 53 5 1 2 5
Hobomok Skipper|119 2 1 1 3 10 66 6 8 1
Zabulon Skipper|120 1 3 13 20 42 55 64 120 37 37 5 3 5 3 15 16 6 19 18 36 13 29 28 17 4 8 4
Broad-winged Skipper|121 1 1 3 2 1 2 1 4 2 9 1 1 1 1 3 13 1
Yehl Skipper|122 1 6 4 1 5 1 1 5 4 1
Palatka Skipper|63 1 2 13 2 3 10
Berry's Skipper|156 1
Dion Skipper|64 1 1 2 13 18 1 1 2
Bay Skipper|65 1
Duke's Skipper|67 1
Palmetto Skipper|68 1 9 1
Dun Skipper|70 6 1 1 7 14 10 12 10 20 12 7 5 17 9 25 13 20 9 29 5 57 29 30 15 16 15 4 6
Dusted Skipper|22 2 1 5 1
Pepper and Salt Skipper|4 1 17 19 22 20 12 15 33 4 8 1 1 1 3
Reversed Roadside-Skipper|5 2 2 1
Lace-winged Roadside-Skipper|6 1 4 4 4 5 13 2 39 7 1 2 3 3 15 41 145 14 52 18 109 64 209 2 7 3
Common Roadside-Skipper|7 1 4 17 15 5 1 1 2 2 3 11 1
Bell's Roadside Skipper|9 3
Eufala Skipper|88 1 1 1 3 7 9 1 2 7 5 7 14 5 10 1
Twin-spot Skipper|103 1 1 1 13 1 1 2 1 14 17 27 39 7 2 4 2 12 1 1
Brazilian Skipper|34 25 1 1 2 4 5 23 14 7 8 2 4 1
Salt Marsh Skipper|104 2 1 1 1 1 4 2 3 3 5
Ocola Skipper|105 2 2 3 10 14 5 4 7 8 34 29 40 39 50 85 281 36 49 11 14 7
Yucca Giant-Skipper|94 3 1 3 9 26 5 9 1 1
Pipevine Swallowtail|24 3 1 8 12 22 106 107 65 67 91 16 26 76 74 118 44 40 69 61 129 39 86 30 51 86 132 71 71 105 80 57 30 6 4 1
Zebra Swallowtail|73 1 1 32 68 68 201 185 113 182 71 32 51 23 24 23 15 4 8 6 7 3 22 5 21 32 23 118 60 20 75 49 7 22 36 7
Black Swallowtail|106 3 4 2 9 9 12 9 11 9 3 20 2 8 26 4 17 10 34 14 28 18 8 9 27 28 31 18 16 13 1 1 2
Appalachian Tiger Swallowtail|107 5
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail|108 2 8 19 44 174 277 278 460 286 209 58 111 30 67 81 44 44 75 47 145 63 112 99 131 151 219 82 32 25 35 5 1 1
Spicebush Swallowtail|109 7 5 15 98 84 50 128 139 58 86 42 75 52 20 17 32 9 121 75 107 78 40 56 102 34 13 9 3 1 1
Palamedes Swallowtail|110 24 19 19 26 42 25 8 4 12 7 6 11 9 11 8 4 13 39 33 52 18 53 6 5 19 1 1 1
Giant Swallowtail|111 4 8 2 2 5 4 12 2 7 13 3 5 8 3 4 3 4 4 8 10 13 16 8 8 2 2 6 1
Falcate Orangetip|15 36 18 72 142 142 149 161 29 1
West Virginia White|117 1 5 16 4 9 4 1
Cabbage White|118 4 3 22 50 24 61 13 15 31 21 66 20 62 40 14 20 10 136 57 65 16 33 12 6 2 10 13 7 14 29 23 3 3 16 4 4
Checkered White|129 1 1 1 4 3 10 1 4 12 30 3 23 1 4 1 2 1 3 3
Great Southern White|16 1 25 54 8 1 1
Clouded Sulphur|42 1 1 3 2 5 2 1 10 3 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 2 9 1 1 2
Orange Sulphur|43 2 8 4 18 25 11 3 14 21 71 35 13 45 7 7 11 3 13 4 6 6 1 1 1 3 1 2 4 9 1 9 5 1 1
Southern Dogface|155 1 3 2 2 3 1 40 1 31 3 1 1 8 20 2 7 1 4 3 27 19 39 16 11 2 4 2 1
Cloudless Sulphur|113 3 22 2 13 38 102 83 54 98 88 69 35 23 22 19 22 7 15 50 29 78 26 50 115 143 187 367 338 259 415 373 150 193 91 63 46 23 33
Barred Yellow|72 1 1 1 1 2 1 6 5 2 3 2 2 1 7 1 1 9 4 22 19 10 12 7 12 8 17 2 1 2 1
Little Yellow|134 3 2 1 2 2 1 1 5 13 12 11 1 7 18 43 38 73 45 41 105 293 564 304 272 348 239 155 88 18 59 13 10
Sleepy Orange|1 5 5 30 14 25 26 9 9 4 41 15 2 16 16 15 13 19 79 52 123 57 100 105 104 166 172 109 188 158 226 77 87 60 23 29 12 10
Dainty Sulphur|98 1 1 3 1 5 3 9 11 1 8 7 2 3 1 1
Harvester|75 7 4 7 1 6 5 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 5 1
American Copper|92 1 2 1 3 2 1 1 2 1
Great Purple Hairstreak|20 3 3 2 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 2 2 2 4 1 4 7 4 1 2 2
Hessel's Hairstreak|29 1 3 35 6 2
Juniper Hairstreak|30 2 1 8 18 19 8 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 1 28 1 1
Brown Elfin|31 1 17 2 1
Henry's Elfin|33 11 9 17 25 27 19 2 2
Eastern Pine Elfin|28 1 1 2 15 2 1 1 2 1 1 1
Oak Hairstreak|135 25 3 4 8 3
Coral Hairstreak|136 19 14 60 14 2 2
Edwards' Hairstreak|137 1
Banded Hairstreak|138 1 13 28 33 40 28 5 4
King's Hairstreak|139 1 1 4 1
Striped Hairstreak|140 1 1 5 18 4 3 1 1 1
Red-banded Hairstreak|35 1 2 56 10 54 125 186 340 221 40 22 17 7 13 14 27 146 37 52 38 8 6 8 36 29 180 278 252 115 121 52 45 12 5 9 2
Gray Hairstreak|145 3 2 2 2 14 2 36 4 25 9 6 4 17 23 36 13 29 28 34 46 33 50 39 31 53 24 31 2 1 3
White-M Hairstreak|112 3 4 7 2 1 1 3 1 2 2 2 1 1 1
Early Hairstreak|54 1
Eastern Pygmy-Blue|25 1
Eastern Tailed-Blue|45 1 2 17 104 169 113 195 106 50 56 71 134 69 97 262 86 87 67 30 70 62 70 49 100 177 59 67 192 190 54 12 4 2 2
Spring Azure|36 2 13 29 39 79 40 29 54 22 28 21 7 1 1
Summer Azure|37 2 5 25 76 133 163 194 361 125 77 35 60 37 64 34 20 29 18 83 43 14 5 55 1
Appalachian Azure|38 1
Silvery Blue|76 1 1 1
Ceraunus Blue|78 1
Little Metalmark|26 15 3 1 1 11 7 20 68 5 5 2
Swamp Metalmark|27 4 34 5 10 2 6 10 11 6 2 1
American Snout|89 3 1 7 34 12 25 45 11 27 19 90 46 136 44 51 77 19 71 40 72 21 35 23 14 14 14 15 57 13 27 2 8 5 2 7 4 5
Monarch|47 1 3 1 1 6 12 16 10 11 7 6 2 6 6 1 2 2 1 2 6 6 2 12 11 50 68 56 48 42 69 119 33 96 25 14 24
Queen|48 1 1 1 4 1 7 1
Gulf Fritillary|3 1 1 1 1 1 4 9 2 14 6 5 20 30 29 41 38 82 102 185 242 173 340 427 384 772 94 103 75 45 31
Zebra Longwing|77 1 3 14 7 5 8 22 7 2 15 13 5 24 9 1 7 10 1
Variegated Fritillary|71 4 2 2 1 13 5 21 13 16 15 13 10 17 12 13 15 3 9 14 12 18 6 28 8 15 21 10 36 65 13 23 4 33 12 3 1
Diana Fritillary|142 2 57 13 2 6 1 1 3 1 7 8 1
Great Spangled Fritillary|143 1 21 8 6 163 36 21 15 1 11 4 2 1 3 9 6 25 15 2 2 2 2 1 1
Red-spotted Purple|90 1 4 8 56 88 66 47 108 50 73 76 124 116 54 64 75 43 50 51 42 90 163 217 106 37 36 30 8 1 4 1 5
Viceroy|91 1 2 3 6 4 12 2 1 13 2 5 11 23 8 11 5 5 11 21 6 48 33 58 41 25 21 15 10 7 9 4
Hackberry Emperor|17 1 6 3 32 120 22 48 85 18 14 26 42 76 59 48 52 14 30 77 84 354 102 44 27 7 2 1
Tawny Emperor|18 1 2 2 2 14 2 4 5 4 7 1 38 4 3 14 32 15 16 8 5 1 2
Silvery Checkerspot|40 1 3 8 20 68 62 1 1 2 11 6 118 111 3 6 7 27 161 93 6 1 1
Phaon Crescent|115 1 1 1 2 1 6 16 14 2 32 6 1 1 2 109 8 71 2 22 5 3 1
Pearl Crescent|116 2 3 36 29 44 191 246 260 477 243 132 106 196 227 438 241 203 109 135 153 121 155 111 178 167 451 461 275 189 341 339 248 119 126 92 35 2
Texan Crescent|14 5 1 1 9 1 1 29 21 7 3 1 11 2 4 103 2
Baltimore Checkerspot|74 7 1 5 13 1
Common Buckeye|85 9 3 16 1 9 18 13 78 81 80 107 72 81 102 126 137 77 72 51 98 44 81 30 106 235 229 441 133 247 307 249 396 128 70 96 42 25
White Peacock|11 1 8 1 13 1 1 13 2
Question Mark|126 6 6 35 67 44 45 21 19 20 13 46 46 93 43 49 18 4 10 27 23 20 7 14 21 13 19 28 38 42 22 13 16 10 29 17 22 9 5
Eastern Comma|127 3 2 3 2 7 4 9 2 4 7 8 15 7 10 4 1 3 3 2 4 5 2 1 2 2 9 3 3 1 2 4 3 2
Mourning Cloak|102 2 3 16 9 15 12 3 10 9 1 8 6 16 8 1 1 1
Red Admiral|150 3 1 2 5 24 33 28 31 19 24 30 7 20 11 1 3 6 7 1 17 8 22 8 8 13 14 3 5 6 15 13 9 8 8 1 1
Painted Lady|151 3 1 2 1 3 1 3 1 3 3 2 2 1 6 19 3 10 14 19 19 73 18 23 12 8 7 9 3
American Lady|152 2 2 8 3 7 24 36 33 85 57 69 94 60 77 90 45 16 25 22 10 6 18 5 11 6 5 9 14 6 14 8 4 7 4 8 5 6
Goatweed Leafwing|10 1 1 6 18 17 40 28 32 15 12 6 8 3 8 1 4 2 2 3 18 4 2 23 3 16 5 5 4 37 5 2 5 1
Southern Pearly-Eye|50 1 2 5 5 9 11 34 8 21 12 35 18 10 13 1 1 13 1 15 12 4 10 35 34 8 5 9 18 7 10 6 5 1
Northern Pearly-Eye|51 3 3 4 10 61 10 36 4 8 9 3 5 5 11 4 9 1 14 19 3 2 1
Creole Pearly-Eye|52 3 7 10 5 16 27 13 3 10 1 1 13 10 12 3 2 6 7 6 5 4 2
Appalachian Brown|141 6 16 1 6 7 6 4 11 10 22 7 9 3 6 1 15 10 2 5 2
Gemmed Satyr|46 8 5 20 32 71 98 56 16 19 17 17 13 15 17 22 23 1 14 12 23 1 23 7 32 21 17 10 17 48 12 16 14 13 2
Georgia Satyr|99 13 5 8 1 4 1 7 5 1 50 1 12 3 2 14
Helicta Satyr|100 5 1 1 2 2
Mitchell's Satyr|101 28 46 13 5 2 19 55 1
Little Wood Satyr|96 1 1 4 44 19 202 304 682 325 229 97 63 126 42 5 9 2 1 3
Intricate Satyr|157 1 3 9 2 9 7 9 21 2 1 1 1
Carolina Satyr|79 3 9 43 53 150 379 611 427 357 346 95 201 42 88 307 148 206 205 173 94 227 294 273 908 998 297 163 416 297 141 137 64 64 20 20
Common Wood Nymph|39 1 2 2 3 15 11 7 3 2 9 1 1 9 2 9 8 2 6
Leonard's Skipper|80
Mercurial Skipper|158 2
Meske's Skipper|83
Arogos Skipper|21 1
Two-spotted Skipper|69
Dusky Roadside-Skipper|8 1
Cofaqui Giant-Skipper|95 1
Orange-barred Sulphur|160
Frosted Elfin|32
Cassius Blue|86 3 2 1 1 1
Reakirt's Blue|49 1
Gorgone Checkerspot|41
Malachite|159 2