Alabama Butterfly Atlas

The Flight Periods Graph illustrates the timing of a species’ flight and gives an idea of your chances of encountering that butterfly during a particular time period.

Not all butterfly species that occur in Alabama can be seen on any given day.  Adult butterflies emerge from their chrysalides during particular times of the year when weather and food resources are the best for survival.  The time that adult butterflies are on the wing is called a flight.

The Flight Periods Graph lists the species observed, the number of individuals observed, and the month of the year.  Each month is divided into four periods.  The numbers are based on accumulated field data beginning in 2000.

USING THE GRAPH: Enter the name of a butterfly species in the SEARCH field to see its flight date records. To get a picture of which species are flying on a particular date, select that time period on the heading row of the chart.  Click once to sort from lowest to highest number of individuals for each species recorded during that time period.  Double click to sort from highest to lowest numbers.  Click on a common name to go to that species account within this atlas. 

Common Name Feb2 Feb3 Feb4 Mar1 Mar2 Mar3 Mar4 Apr1 Apr2 Apr3 Apr4 May1 May2 May3 May4 Jun1 Jun2 Jun3 Jun4 Jul1 Jul2 Jul3 Jul4 Aug1 Aug2 Aug3 Aug4 Sep1 Sep2 Sep3 Sep4 Oct1 Oct2 Oct3 Oct4 Nov1 Nov2 Nov3
Silver-spotted Skipper|53 2 3 13 29 33 33 53 72 55 45 38 50 15 11 18 33 68 101 85 233 99 72 40 85 45 61 20 14 9 5 4 1
Long-tailed Skipper|149 1 1 1 26 1 1 20 8 27 5 13 31 31 22 110 42 74 67 130 87 247 35 39 11 10 3
Golden Banded-Skipper|23 7 3 2 2 2 1 6
Hoary Edge|2 6 1 13 30 39 99 54 52 22 26 1 6 24 45 41 92 30 55 10 17 5 4 3 1 2 1
Northern Cloudywing|146 19 20 24 48 21 52 28 29 20 14 2 2 2 4 13 23 39 20 10 8
Southern Cloudywing|147 1 9 9 10 18 19 17 19 4 7 13 6 1 13 15 28 29 50 21 21 6 17 3 18 1 2
Confused Cloudywing|148 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 3 9 7 4 2 1 1
Hayhurst's Scallopwing|144 1 2 2 2 1 1
Sleepy Duskywing|56 1 3 6 14 66 54 36 12 1
Juvenal's Duskywing|57 2 1 86 130 283 768 726 387 224 28 28 12 5 1 1 1 16
Horace's Duskywing|58 1 1 2 6 11 29 6 16 20 3 3 2 52 125 148 76 26 60 67 88 61 83 65 62 73 94 51 49 21 6 3 14 1 3
Mottled Duskywing|59 2 1 6 1 2 2
Zarucco Duskywing|60 1 1 1 4 3 5 4 1 1 3 16 3 2 3 10 10 11 18 4 8 15 10 7 4 1 4 12 1
Funereal Duskywing|61 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1
Wild Indigo Duskywing|62 6 7 19 17 16 4 2 3 6 6 17 19 5 6 13 2 12 12 2 6 5 9 8 6 3 4 5
Common Checkered-Skipper / White Checkered-Skipper|131 4 3 27 28 44 94 73 22 27 16 9 49 61 28 5 7 6 34 53 85 18 32 11 35 32 54 49 116 121 155 91 107 73 58 42 38 23
White Checkered-Skipper|132 4 1 1
Tropical Checkered-Skipper|133 1 4 1 4 1 9 1 2 7 18 6 5 9 21 21 12 9 1 17 10 10 51 7 2 3 2 4
Common Sootywing|114 1 1 1 1 8 4 2 1 7 1
Swarthy Skipper|97 1 1 1 2 3 1 1 14 12 6 14 3 8 1 13 13 2 15 8 1
Clouded Skipper|87 13 6 27 39 19 31 19 18 13 5 8 19 27 23 35 24 29 21 60 40 122 144 88 108 404 253 128 108 62 24 8 1
Least Skipper|13 3 3 12 7 7 10 10 10 5 17 17 26 18 12 12 30 7 15 6 41 41 70 17 31 6 18 1 2
Southern Skipperling|44 1 1 1 1 1 29 2 5 5 1 25 5 40 16 11 25 34 12 13 9 1 44 60 33 9 8 18 3 4 2
Fiery Skipper|84 14 2 15 2 6 14 16 16 24 37 48 16 27 53 34 59 31 174 283 241 231 421 59 134 116 255 311 257 255 360 259 79 57 60 27 37 13
Dotted Skipper|82 1
Cobweb Skipper|81 1 4 1
Sachem|19 1 4 24 2 1 15 8 22 5 5 10 3 16 28 33 20 4 31 16 4 2 7 1 1
Tawny-edged Skipper|123 2 1 2 6 1 2 7 17 7 2 1 3 4 3 1 5 5 12 3 13 17 2 5
Crossline Skipper|124 1 2 13 7 8 5 8 1 1 3 2 16 1 7 11
Whirlabout|125 1 2 10 9 3 2 11 10 8 9 9 11 29 29 8 17 6 13 12 22 8 12 33 23 22 22 4
Northern Broken-Dash|154 2 3 4 7 6 2 1 1 3 2 2 1 2 4 4 9 5 5 1
Southern Broken-Dash|153 2 2 2 7 12 14 39 5 1 1 5 7 7 1 15 6 22 8 25 19 13 13 15 1 21 1 6 1
Little Glassywing|128 1 7 26 27 12 18 5 7 2 5 11 24 98 80 27 12 26 2 7 13 7 7 2
Delaware Skipper|12 7 1 2 1 2 3 4 1 5 5 5 9 6
Byssus Skipper|130 4 2 8 17 3 1 3 4 6 15 53 6 1 2 6
Hobomok Skipper|119 2 1 1 3 10 66 6 8 1
Zabulon Skipper|120 1 5 17 26 46 55 71 127 42 38 5 3 5 3 15 34 7 28 18 36 14 46 29 17 4 8 4
Broad-winged Skipper|121 1 1 1 3 2 1 2 1 4 2 9 1 1 1 1 4 13 1
Yehl Skipper|122 1 6 4 1 5 1 1 5 4 1
Palatka Skipper|63 1 2 13 25 2 2 3 10
Berry's Skipper|156 1
Dion Skipper|64 1 1 2 14 18 1 1 1 2
Bay Skipper|65 1
Duke's Skipper|67 1
Palmetto Skipper|68 1 9 2
Dun Skipper|70 6 3 1 10 14 10 12 11 20 12 7 5 17 26 31 15 38 9 29 6 58 29 30 36 17 15 4 6
Dusted Skipper|22 2 1 18 9 1 1
Pepper and Salt Skipper|4 2 18 19 24 23 12 17 34 4 8 1 1 1 3
Reversed Roadside-Skipper|5 1 2 2 1 1
Lace-winged Roadside-Skipper|6 1 1 2 5 4 4 5 13 3 40 7 1 2 3 3 15 43 145 14 52 18 109 64 209 2 7 3
Common Roadside-Skipper|7 1 4 17 15 7 2 1 1 2 2 3 11 1
Bell's Roadside Skipper|9 2
Eufala Skipper|88 1 1 1 3 8 9 1 2 7 5 9 16 5 10 2
Twin-spot Skipper|103 2 1 2 16 1 1 2 1 14 17 27 39 7 2 4 4 12 1 1
Brazilian Skipper|34 27 10 2 1 2 3 1 2 4 5 23 14 7 8 4 6 1
Salt Marsh Skipper|104 2 2 1 1 1 1 4 2 3 3 4 2 5
Ocola Skipper|105 2 1 2 3 10 14 5 4 7 9 35 29 40 41 139 94 282 38 51 11 18 7
Yucca Giant-Skipper|94 3 1 4 9 26 5 11 2 1 1
Pipevine Swallowtail|24 3 1 24 24 52 136 116 72 76 92 26 29 105 75 118 44 40 71 97 149 40 105 30 50 88 134 71 71 106 83 59 31 10 4 1
Zebra Swallowtail|73 3 1 33 69 83 238 210 119 220 75 141 87 52 30 23 15 4 10 6 12 6 23 5 21 32 23 118 60 20 76 49 7 22 36 7
Black Swallowtail|106 7 6 6 14 19 23 10 14 9 3 20 2 8 33 4 18 11 34 29 32 22 10 9 27 28 31 42 16 15 3 11 2
Appalachian Tiger Swallowtail|107 1 5
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail|108 2 13 42 60 211 302 298 471 308 219 83 118 40 70 81 44 44 78 70 172 79 125 108 131 168 235 90 32 29 39 5 1 1
Spicebush Swallowtail|109 1 15 5 20 104 87 52 137 141 75 89 49 77 53 20 17 32 20 136 80 114 80 40 61 102 35 13 9 4 1 1
Palamedes Swallowtail|110 15 25 36 21 47 54 34 8 4 13 7 6 12 26 11 2 8 4 13 39 33 52 18 55 18 5 19 1 1 1
Giant Swallowtail|111 1 2 2 8 12 3 2 6 4 13 2 7 13 3 5 8 3 5 5 5 4 8 10 16 16 8 8 5 2 6 1
Falcate Orangetip|15 42 95 85 153 180 172 162 29 1
West Virginia White|117 1 5 16 4 9 4 1
Cabbage White|118 6 6 25 51 31 62 21 15 31 22 78 20 62 42 14 20 10 136 59 66 16 33 12 6 2 11 13 7 14 30 25 3 3 17 4 4
Checkered White|129 1 1 1 4 3 10 1 4 12 30 6 47 12 14 4 1 2 1 1 3 3
Great Southern White|16 1 25 54 8 1 1
Clouded Sulphur|42 1 1 3 2 6 2 1 10 3 1 1 4 24 6 2 1 3 1 2 9 2 1 2
Orange Sulphur|43 2 8 5 19 25 11 3 14 21 72 35 25 45 7 7 11 3 13 28 6 6 1 1 1 3 1 2 4 9 1 9 5 1 1
Southern Dogface|155 1 3 4 2 3 1 40 1 37 3 1 1 8 20 2 7 1 4 3 27 19 39 16 11 2 4 2 28
Cloudless Sulphur|113 7 23 3 17 38 111 88 71 105 94 70 55 27 22 19 22 7 15 53 35 87 28 52 117 143 215 418 356 259 448 445 178 219 103 77 47 23 40
Barred Yellow|72 1 1 1 1 2 1 6 5 2 3 2 2 1 8 1 1 9 4 22 19 10 12 8 14 8 17 2 1 2 1
Little Yellow|134 3 2 1 2 2 1 1 5 13 12 11 1 7 18 47 38 73 45 41 105 314 564 304 281 353 239 156 88 21 59 13 18
Sleepy Orange|1 9 11 32 14 27 51 10 9 6 41 19 5 16 16 15 13 19 82 58 135 82 101 106 104 173 181 113 188 209 241 79 91 61 26 31 12 19
Dainty Sulphur|98 1 1 3 1 5 3 9 11 1 8 7 2 3 1 1
Harvester|75 1 8 4 7 1 6 5 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 5 1
American Copper|92 1 2 1 3 2 1 1 2 1
Great Purple Hairstreak|20 4 3 2 1 1 1 3 2 1 2 2 2 2 5 1 4 4 4 2 2 2
Hessel's Hairstreak|29 1 40 44 6 2 2
Juniper Hairstreak|30 3 2 10 20 20 8 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 1 1 28 1 1
Brown Elfin|31 1 17 2 1
Henry's Elfin|33 11 9 21 28 27 19 3 2
Eastern Pine Elfin|28 1 1 1 2 2 15 2 1 2 2 1 1 1
Oak Hairstreak|135 25 2 4 8 3
Coral Hairstreak|136 19 20 60 14 2 2
Banded Hairstreak|138 1 13 28 33 44 28 5 4
King's Hairstreak|139 1 1 5 1
Striped Hairstreak|140 1 3 5 19 4 3 1 1 1
Red-banded Hairstreak|35 1 3 58 26 123 250 214 351 245 45 31 20 7 13 14 27 147 37 53 39 10 8 8 36 29 187 283 252 117 131 52 45 12 6 9 2
Gray Hairstreak|145 3 1 3 2 2 14 3 36 5 25 9 6 4 18 26 37 16 29 28 34 47 33 51 39 43 61 26 31 2 1 3
White-M Hairstreak|112 1 1 4 6 7 1 3 1 1 3 1 2 2 2 1 1 1
Early Hairstreak|54 1
Eastern Tailed-Blue|45 1 1 2 19 113 203 115 219 114 83 60 74 137 69 97 262 86 91 82 30 128 62 70 50 100 177 55 68 198 192 57 12 5 2 2
Spring Azure|36 4 24 31 40 83 41 31 59 22 28 21 7 1 1
Summer Azure|37 1 2 6 25 78 148 207 203 361 125 95 35 62 86 69 44 20 29 18 92 43 14 5 55 1 1
Appalachian Azure|38 1 3
Silvery Blue|76 1 1 1 1
Little Metalmark|26 19 3 1 1 11 27 20 68 6 5 2
Swamp Metalmark|27 4 34 5 10 2 6 10 11 6 2 1
American Snout|89 3 1 20 41 13 36 48 11 29 22 90 46 144 45 55 77 19 71 54 75 37 53 24 14 14 15 20 57 13 28 2 9 5 2 7 4 5 2
Monarch|47 1 3 1 1 54 18 21 62 18 12 8 6 3 7 6 1 2 2 3 5 9 9 6 12 14 55 72 56 61 56 75 146 140 1448 48 100 93
Queen|48 1 1 1 4 1 1 7 1
Gulf Fritillary|3 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 4 9 2 14 6 6 39 39 33 49 40 82 104 203 254 173 380 560 430 795 122 239 83 47 37
Zebra Longwing|77 1 4 14 7 5 8 22 7 2 15 13 5 25 9 1 7 11 1
Variegated Fritillary|71 4 2 2 1 13 5 23 14 16 15 13 13 17 12 13 15 3 11 16 14 19 6 28 8 15 20 10 38 76 14 24 4 38 14 3 5
Diana Fritillary|142 2 57 13 2 6 1 1 3 1 1 1 7 8 1
Great Spangled Fritillary|143 1 21 8 8 163 36 21 15 1 11 4 2 1 3 9 6 25 15 2 2 2 2 1 1
Red-spotted Purple|90 2 1 6 10 66 100 68 73 121 54 75 76 124 119 66 81 154 72 54 52 42 104 178 225 106 48 37 30 8 2 4 1 5
Viceroy|91 2 2 4 6 4 12 2 1 13 2 5 11 23 17 12 12 18 12 21 6 49 34 58 43 30 21 15 13 8 9 4
Hackberry Emperor|17 1 6 3 32 121 23 49 87 18 14 27 49 149 124 73 55 15 31 79 151 366 102 48 32 8 3 1
Tawny Emperor|18 1 2 2 2 14 2 4 6 7 16 18 40 4 3 15 36 17 8 40 5 3 2
Silvery Checkerspot|40 1 3 8 20 68 1 62 1 1 2 11 8 119 111 3 6 7 27 167 93 6 1 1
Phaon Crescent|115 1 1 1 2 1 6 16 15 4 20 32 6 1 1 2 109 8 71 2 22 6 3 1
Pearl Crescent|116 2 3 39 38 60 256 263 269 504 247 170 118 196 228 438 244 204 122 161 196 158 169 112 178 168 465 463 275 212 356 341 250 160 148 94 35 12
Texan Crescent|14 5 1 1 1 4 38 54 1 1 29 21 7 37 3 2 62 53 4 103 5
Baltimore Checkerspot|74 7 1 5 13 1
Common Buckeye|85 9 7 27 1 23 22 18 83 91 81 112 72 84 103 126 137 78 74 53 101 66 125 31 106 236 231 442 133 269 396 254 399 137 128 96 42 54
White Peacock|11 1 8 1 13 1 1 13 2
Question Mark|126 6 10 42 71 44 51 27 19 25 14 46 47 93 44 51 18 4 11 30 27 39 34 17 21 13 19 30 38 43 28 19 16 10 29 17 23 9 9
Eastern Comma|127 11 2 3 2 7 4 9 2 4 7 8 15 7 10 4 1 3 3 2 4 5 2 1 2 2 9 3 3 1 2 4 3 2
Mourning Cloak|102 2 7 16 12 15 15 5 10 9 1 8 6 16 8 1 1 1
Red Admiral|150 4 1 2 6 31 33 28 32 20 30 32 9 20 11 1 3 7 7 3 18 9 22 8 8 13 14 3 6 8 15 13 9 8 8 1 1
Painted Lady|151 3 1 2 1 3 1 3 1 3 4 2 2 1 6 19 3 10 14 19 19 73 18 24 12 13 7 10 3
American Lady|152 3 4 11 4 14 31 45 40 92 58 91 97 64 79 90 45 16 25 22 11 8 19 5 11 7 5 9 14 6 16 8 4 6 5 8 6 7
Goatweed Leafwing|10 1 1 8 18 20 51 34 32 22 13 6 10 3 8 2 4 2 2 6 18 4 2 23 3 17 5 5 4 37 5 2 5 1
Southern Pearly-Eye|50 3 2 2 7 8 11 13 34 8 21 12 35 18 10 13 1 5 15 1 15 12 4 10 35 34 8 5 9 18 7 11 6 5 1
Northern Pearly-Eye|51 1 3 3 4 12 65 14 36 4 8 9 4 9 7 11 4 9 1 15 19 3 2 1
Creole Pearly-Eye|52 3 7 10 5 19 27 13 3 10 1 1 15 10 12 3 2 2 7 6 5 4 2
Appalachian Brown|141 6 16 1 6 7 6 4 11 10 22 7 9 3 6 1 15 10 2 5 2
Gemmed Satyr|46 11 6 28 58 75 100 70 17 19 17 17 14 15 17 22 23 1 14 12 23 1 23 7 32 21 17 11 17 48 12 16 15 13 2
Georgia Satyr|99 13 5 8 1 4 1 1 7 5 1 50 1 12 5 2 14
Helicta Satyr|100 5 1 1 2 2
Mitchell's Satyr|101 28 46 13 5 2 19 55 1
Little Wood Satyr|96 1 1 4 44 19 202 323 713 362 235 97 64 126 42 5 26 2 1 3
Intricate Satyr|157 1 3 9 2 1 9 7 9 21 2 1 1 1
Carolina Satyr|79 9 35 92 114 236 396 637 447 380 366 107 209 42 88 312 155 226 235 198 97 227 294 273 932 999 297 170 438 298 141 137 64 64 20 20
Common Wood Nymph|39 1 2 2 3 15 11 7 4 2 9 1 1 9 2 9 9 2 6
Mercurial Skipper|158 1
Dusky Roadside-Skipper|8 1
Orange-barred Sulphur|160
Cassius Blue|86 3 2 1 1 1
Reakirt's Blue|49 1
Malachite|159 1