Alabama Butterfly Atlas

Butterfly: Wingspan: 1 1/4 - 1 1/2 inches (3.2 - 3.8 cm). Upperside is brown with no markings. Underside is brown; both wings have many small eyespots rimmed with yellow.

ID Tip: Upper surfaces are plain and unmarked.

Egg: Greenish white orbs deposited singly on host plant

Caterpillar: Pale green with darker green stripes and short yellow hairs. Hind end tails are very short. The head is rounded and does not have the typical horns that are typical of satyr caterpillars. 

Chrysalis: Green with two ridges; black dots on each side and along the wing case margins.The black dots near the wing are reportedly absent on Intricate Satyr pupae.

Carolina Satyrs are butterfly plain Janes and the smallest of Alabama's satyrs. They are common throughout Alabama,especialy in moist forested areas.  Constantly bobbing and weaving among grassy patches, Carolina Satyrs rarely rise more than a foot above the ground.  Males are constantly searching for potential mates, tirelessly inspecting every nook and cranny for females.  Both sexes gain nourishment from rotting fruit, animal droppings, fungi, and tree sap.  Like may butterflies that reportedly never nectar at flowers, Carolina Satyrs do sometimes, especially in autumn.

Distribution and Abundance

A dot on the county map indicates that there is at least one documented record of the species within that county. In some cases, a species may be common throughout the county, in others it may be found in only a specific habitat. The High Count information shows the highest numbers recorded for this species as well as when and where they occurred.

The sightings bar graphs depict the timing of flight(s) within each of three geographic regions. Place your cursor on a bar within the graph to see the number of individuals recorded during that period.

The abundance calendar displays the total number of individuals recorded within each week of the month. Both the graphs and the calendar are on based data collection that began in 2000.

The records analyzed here are only a beginning. As more data is collected, these maps and graphs will paint a more accurate picture of distribution and abundance in Alabama. Submit your sightings to

Sightings in the following counties: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington, Wilcox, Winston

  • Map Symbol for Recent Sightings Sightings in the past 5 years
  • Map Symbol for Semi-Recent Sightings Sightings in the past 5 - 10 years
  • Map Symbol for Old Sightings Sightings more than 10 years ago

High count(s):

  • 170 - Colbert - 8/31/2013
  • 155 - Colbert - 9/1/2013
  • 150 - Colbert - 9/7/2012
County Distribution Map

View county names by moving the mouse over a county or view a map with county names

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
9 35 92 114 236 396 637 447 380 366 107 209 42 88 312 155 226 235 198 97 227 294 273 932 999 297 170 438 298 141 137 64 64 20 20 1


A variety of woodland habitats

Host and Nectar Plants

Various grasses are reported throughout the range.


For more information about the documented host plants and/or nectar plants, please visit the Alabama Plant Atlas using the following links:

Carolina Satyr
Carolina Satyr (Hermeuptychia sosybius)
© Sara Bright

Landscaping Ideas

Native grasses in the landscape support the caterpillars of several butterfly species, including Carolina Satyrs.