Alabama Butterfly Atlas

Butterfly: Wingspan: 1 1/4 - 1 1/2 inches (3.2 - 3.8 cm). Upperside is brown with no markings. Underside is brown; both wings have many small eyespots rimmed with yellow.

ID Tip: Upper surfaces are plain and unmarked.

Egg: Greenish white orbs deposited singly on host plant

Caterpillar: Pale green with darker green stripes and short yellow hairs. Hind end tails are very short. The head is rounded and does not hae the typical satyr-caterpillar horns. 

Chrysalis: Green with two ridges with black dots on each side and along the wing case margins.

Carolina Satyrs are butterfly plain Janes and the smallest of Alabama's satyrs. They are common throughout Alabama,especialy in moist forested areas.  Constantly bobbing and weaving among grassy patches, Carolina Satyrs rarely rise more than a foot above the ground.  Males are constantly searching for potential mates, tirelessly inspecting every nook and cranny for females.  Both sexes gain nourishment from rotting fruit, animal droppings, fungi, and tree sap.  Like may butterflies that reportedly never nectar at flowers, Carolina Satyrs do sometimes, especially in autumn.

Distribution and Abundance

A dot on the county map indicates that there is at least one documented record of the species within that county. In some cases, a species may be common throughout the county, in others it may be found in only a specific habitat.

The sightings bar graphs depict the timing of flight(s) within each of three geographic regions. Place your cursor on a bar within the graph to see the number of individuals recorded during that period.

The abundance calendar displays the total number of individuals recorded within each week of the month. Both the graphs and the calendar are on based data collection that began in 2000.

The records analyzed here are only a beginning. As more data is collected, these maps and graphs will paint a more accurate picture of distribution and abundance in Alabama. Submit your sightings to

Sightings in the following counties: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Calhoun, Chambers, Chambers , Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Hale , Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Perry, Perry , Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington, Wilcox, Winston

  • Sightings in the past 5 years
  • Sightings in the past 5 - 10 years
  • Sightings more than 10 years ago
County Distribution Map

View county names by moving the mouse over a county or view a map with county names

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
3 9 43 53 150 379 611 427 357 346 95 201 42 88 307 148 206 205 173 94 227 294 273 908 998 297 163 416 297 141 137 64 64 20 20 1


A variety of woodland habitats

Host and Nectar Plants

Various grasses are reported throughout the range.

This host plant has been verified in Alabama:

For more information about the documented host plants and/or nectar plants, please visit the Alabama Plant Atlas using the following links:

Landscaping Ideas

Native grasses in the landscape support the caterpillars of several butterfly species, including Carolina Satyrs.