Alabama Butterfly Atlas

The Flight Periods Graph illustrates the timing of a species’ flight and gives an idea of your chances of encountering that butterfly during a particular time period.

Not all butterfly species that occur in Alabama can be seen on any given day.  Adult butterflies emerge from their chrysalides during particular times of the year when weather and food resources are the best for survival.  The time that adult butterflies are on the wing is called a flight.

The Flight Periods Graph lists the species observed, the number of individuals observed, and the month of the year.  Each month is divided into four periods.  The numbers are based on accumulated field data beginning in 2000.

USING THE GRAPH: Enter the name of a butterfly species in the SEARCH field to see its flight date records. To get a picture of which species are flying on a particular date, select that time period on the heading row of the chart.  Click once to sort from lowest to highest number of individuals for each species recorded during that time period.  Double click to sort from highest to lowest numbers.  Click on a common name to go to that species account within this atlas. 

Common Name Feb2 Feb3 Feb4 Mar1 Mar2 Mar3 Mar4 Apr1 Apr2 Apr3 Apr4 May1 May2 May3 May4 Jun1 Jun2 Jun3 Jun4 Jul1 Jul2 Jul3 Jul4 Aug1 Aug2 Aug3 Aug4 Sep1 Sep2 Sep3 Sep4 Oct1 Oct2 Oct3 Oct4 Nov1 Nov2 Nov3
Silver-spotted Skipper|53 3 3 15 34 38 36 63 76 56 67 48 54 26 28 24 34 84 135 124 274 132 86 43 91 45 63 21 14 9 5 4 1
Long-tailed Skipper|149 3 1 1 26 1 2 1 21 10 28 6 17 36 41 24 132 44 106 80 184 108 297 75 56 12 12 8
Golden Banded-Skipper|23 1 7 10 2 1 2 2 2 1 6
Hoary Edge|2 7 1 14 31 45 99 119 77 22 32 1 10 28 48 42 102 34 55 10 18 5 4 3 1 2 1
Northern Cloudywing|146 21 26 32 55 40 52 53 39 20 24 2 2 2 8 13 23 39 22 11 9
Southern Cloudywing|147 2 16 11 11 18 22 17 44 7 7 15 7 1 16 18 33 29 56 23 23 6 18 3 18 1 2
Confused Cloudywing|148 1 1 1 3 1 1 2 1 1 3 9 7 5 3 2 1
Hayhurst's Scallopwing|144 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 1
Sleepy Duskywing|56 1 3 6 67 74 54 36 12 1
Juvenal's Duskywing|57 2 4 87 144 475 896 781 399 232 32 28 12 5 1 1 1 1 16
Horace's Duskywing|58 1 4 4 6 11 41 13 16 23 4 4 7 59 159 154 82 27 70 69 91 66 102 88 100 74 110 51 60 25 7 3 14 1 3
Mottled Duskywing|59 2 1 8 1 2 2 2
Zarucco Duskywing|60 1 1 1 4 3 5 4 1 2 1 4 5 18 3 1 5 3 10 14 11 19 8 8 15 10 7 5 1 4 12 1
Funereal Duskywing|61 1 1 1 1 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Wild Indigo Duskywing|62 6 10 19 17 16 4 2 3 6 6 21 25 7 6 13 2 12 19 2 9 5 9 8 6 3 4 5
Common Checkered-Skipper / White Checkered-Skipper|131 10 9 29 29 46 102 75 23 32 16 12 49 61 28 13 18 6 34 59 86 33 36 11 43 33 63 50 125 123 162 91 121 77 72 74 47 32
White Checkered-Skipper|132 4 1 1
Tropical Checkered-Skipper|133 1 9 3 4 1 10 1 1 4 8 18 7 9 12 21 21 12 9 9 17 12 10 64 7 2 3 2 6
Common Sootywing|114 1 1 1 1 8 4 2 1 7 1
Swarthy Skipper|97 1 1 1 1 3 6 1 1 2 14 12 6 14 3 15 1 16 13 2 15 8 1 1
Clouded Skipper|87 14 15 27 41 31 52 23 20 14 6 10 22 29 30 39 26 35 43 70 43 136 151 115 117 491 257 135 118 66 24 9 1
Least Skipper|13 2 3 3 13 11 15 14 10 12 5 20 20 28 20 14 16 33 9 19 6 45 41 70 18 34 6 18 1 2
Southern Skipperling|44 1 1 1 1 1 29 2 5 6 1 26 5 40 16 12 25 34 12 18 9 2 44 60 33 10 8 18 4 4 2
Fiery Skipper|84 14 2 17 2 10 16 17 16 28 37 51 20 28 55 38 72 34 175 303 279 252 456 105 141 116 274 315 277 267 404 268 84 71 77 29 37 17
Dotted Skipper|82 1
Cobweb Skipper|81 1 4 1
Sachem|19 1 4 24 2 1 1 15 9 24 5 7 11 10 18 29 34 21 4 31 17 4 2 7 1 1
Tawny-edged Skipper|123 2 1 3 3 6 3 4 14 17 7 2 1 3 4 3 2 8 7 12 3 13 17 2 5
Crossline Skipper|124 1 1 2 15 7 12 8 8 1 1 3 2 16 2 1 7 11
Whirlabout|125 1 2 10 9 21 2 12 14 12 10 1 10 15 32 33 19 20 9 14 12 27 8 17 41 24 22 22 4 1
Northern Broken-Dash|154 2 5 7 7 6 2 1 1 1 3 2 2 1 2 4 4 9 5 5 1
Southern Broken-Dash|153 1 2 2 2 7 16 15 42 5 1 1 5 7 7 1 15 9 27 8 30 19 16 13 16 1 21 3 6 1
Little Glassywing|128 1 9 32 47 20 19 7 7 2 5 11 27 104 94 32 12 26 2 7 13 9 7 3 1
Delaware Skipper|12 7 4 2 1 2 3 4 1 5 7 5 10 6
Byssus Skipper|130 4 4 13 18 4 1 3 7 14 15 63 6 1 2 6
Hobomok Skipper|119 2 1 1 3 10 66 7 8 1
Zabulon Skipper|120 1 1 5 19 28 48 60 75 135 51 39 7 3 8 4 49 41 17 33 24 46 16 48 29 17 25 8 4
Broad-winged Skipper|121 1 1 1 7 7 16 10 4 4 2 1 4 6 9 1 1 1 1 4 13 1
Yehl Skipper|122 1 6 4 1 5 1 1 5 4 1
Palatka Skipper|63 2 21 13 28 1 2 13 25 2 2 15 14
Berry's Skipper|156 1
Dion Skipper|64 1 7 1 2 14 26 1 1 1 2
Bay Skipper|65 1
Duke's Skipper|67 1 1
Palmetto Skipper|68 1 1 1 1 9 2 2
Dun Skipper|70 6 3 1 12 19 16 14 14 24 15 8 6 18 32 40 16 44 9 38 8 71 30 32 37 19 15 5 6
Dusted Skipper|22 2 1 18 18 1 1 1
Pepper and Salt Skipper|4 4 21 19 31 27 15 17 37 24 8 1 1 1 3
Reversed Roadside-Skipper|5 1 2 2 1 1 1 1
Lace-winged Roadside-Skipper|6 1 1 3 5 4 5 5 14 13 47 7 1 2 3 6 15 44 145 16 57 18 112 64 209 2 9 3
Common Roadside-Skipper|7 1 8 17 15 8 1 2 1 1 2 2 3 11 1
Bell's Roadside Skipper|9 2
Eufala Skipper|88 1 1 1 2 3 8 9 2 2 7 5 9 17 5 11 2
Twin-spot Skipper|103 2 1 1 2 13 29 1 1 2 1 15 32 27 49 8 2 5 4 12 1 1
Brazilian Skipper|34 27 10 2 1 2 3 1 2 4 5 23 15 7 8 4 6 1
Salt Marsh Skipper|104 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 4 2 3 3 4 2 5 8
Ocola Skipper|105 1 2 1 1 3 3 15 16 10 5 10 11 42 29 55 93 145 94 297 57 73 11 18 19
Yucca Giant-Skipper|94 3 1 4 17 27 6 13 4 2 1
Pipevine Swallowtail|24 3 1 24 25 84 190 176 77 86 104 30 35 112 93 155 54 42 77 107 156 42 185 73 61 95 142 76 86 110 97 61 32 12 4 1
Zebra Swallowtail|73 3 2 33 70 205 315 244 134 237 95 146 109 97 41 41 17 4 24 7 14 10 26 8 21 32 24 118 60 20 76 49 7 22 36 7
Black Swallowtail|106 7 8 6 14 19 24 11 14 13 3 20 2 8 37 5 29 19 35 32 32 26 13 18 41 28 38 42 20 18 26 13 2
Appalachian Tiger Swallowtail|107 1 5
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail|108 2 14 43 76 451 491 425 485 357 360 122 136 78 109 103 71 56 121 85 187 109 216 202 220 225 284 102 40 40 43 5 1 1 1
Spicebush Swallowtail|109 1 18 5 24 107 89 52 142 160 91 100 55 89 58 24 19 58 35 141 90 147 107 60 66 135 36 20 9 4 1 1
Palamedes Swallowtail|110 3 15 25 43 51 47 57 47 11 15 1 14 1 12 6 13 29 11 4 8 6 22 39 38 52 23 71 18 5 19 1 1 1
Giant Swallowtail|111 1 2 3 8 13 9 4 6 5 13 4 7 13 3 5 9 3 10 9 23 5 14 13 20 18 12 19 11 20 6 1
Falcate Orangetip|15 42 95 95 181 269 180 170 29 1
West Virginia White|117 1 5 21 4 9 4 1
Cabbage White|118 3 9 10 25 51 38 62 21 15 34 23 123 29 62 43 14 28 10 137 60 66 16 41 12 6 2 11 13 9 14 30 25 3 3 17 4 4
Checkered White|129 1 3 1 1 7 3 22 1 4 12 31 18 47 17 14 4 1 2 1 1 3 3
Great Southern White|16 1 25 54 8 1 1
Clouded Sulphur|42 1 1 3 2 6 2 1 10 16 1 1 4 24 6 3 1 16 1 3 9 2 1 2
Orange Sulphur|43 2 8 5 19 25 11 4 14 21 72 35 25 45 7 7 11 4 13 28 6 8 1 1 2 4 1 3 4 9 1 9 7 1 1
Southern Dogface|155 1 3 4 2 3 1 40 4 37 3 1 1 8 20 2 7 1 4 5 27 22 39 18 11 2 4 2 28
Cloudless Sulphur|113 11 31 19 18 39 118 108 81 109 127 91 74 42 29 27 31 22 17 57 36 91 40 80 164 197 241 560 429 311 476 509 187 242 116 84 56 27 54
Barred Yellow|72 1 1 1 1 9 4 5 4 8 22 2 7 2 32 1 8 1 37 9 29 22 54 10 18 8 14 8 17 2 1 2 3
Little Yellow|134 3 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 5 13 12 14 1 8 20 47 47 77 68 109 105 372 595 325 292 370 239 178 116 26 69 18 39
Sleepy Orange|1 10 11 32 15 30 54 10 9 9 41 20 5 16 20 15 21 21 82 62 138 92 128 142 120 179 268 128 207 223 278 80 101 71 28 66 17 27
Dainty Sulphur|98 1 1 2 3 253 5 3 9 11 1 9 20 4 3 1 3 1
Harvester|75 2 3 8 4 7 1 6 6 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 5 1
American Copper|92 1 1 2 3 3 2 1 1 2 1
Great Purple Hairstreak|20 4 3 2 1 1 1 1 5 2 1 3 2 2 2 5 1 5 6 5 2 2 2
Hessel's Hairstreak|29 1 2 54 44 6 2 2
Juniper Hairstreak|30 3 4 112 21 25 8 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 1 1 28 1 1
Brown Elfin|31 1 17 2 1
Henry's Elfin|33 11 9 23 35 27 20 3 2 5
Eastern Pine Elfin|28 1 1 1 3 2 15 2 1 2 2 1 1 1
Oak Hairstreak|135 25 3 4 8 3
Coral Hairstreak|136 19 20 100 17 2 2
Banded Hairstreak|138 1 13 29 55 48 35 6 4 1
King's Hairstreak|139 1 8 9 5 1
Striped Hairstreak|140 1 3 5 22 5 5 1 2 1
Red-banded Hairstreak|35 3 9 58 27 145 358 231 354 252 47 32 20 8 16 14 28 150 42 58 39 11 27 10 46 30 199 295 255 134 138 52 47 21 6 9 2 1
Gray Hairstreak|145 3 3 3 2 2 14 4 43 6 26 9 9 5 19 27 37 17 34 28 39 48 35 54 44 48 63 26 31 3 1 3
White-M Hairstreak|112 1 1 1 4 8 7 1 3 1 2 1 3 1 2 2 2 1 1 1
Early Hairstreak|54 1
Eastern Pygmy-Blue|25 1
Eastern Tailed-Blue|45 1 1 2 35 142 249 119 236 127 90 73 84 164 92 101 269 93 97 90 39 137 64 77 55 105 192 66 72 200 194 59 12 5 3 2
Spring Azure|36 6 27 31 43 105 57 32 60 26 48 22 7 2 1
Summer Azure|37 1 2 14 30 115 164 211 284 401 152 116 60 67 89 73 52 24 44 18 99 55 14 7 55 1 1
Appalachian Azure|38 1 3
Silvery Blue|76 2 1 1 1
Little Metalmark|26 1 1 1 19 3 8 2 1 11 29 20 77 7 5 2
Swamp Metalmark|27 4 34 5 10 2 6 10 11 6 2 1
American Snout|89 3 1 22 41 17 58 54 11 29 26 104 56 157 54 64 78 25 76 56 81 39 54 31 15 80 17 21 57 13 29 2 9 5 3 8 8 7 7
Monarch|47 12 21 6 4 63 27 27 63 21 14 10 10 5 11 6 3 2 2 3 5 9 16 11 26 20 85 93 85 84 70 78 243 747 2139 125 308 159
Queen|48 1 3 4 1 6 1 4 1 1 7 1
Gulf Fritillary|3 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 5 9 5 21 10 10 89 86 41 78 82 115 140 286 282 431 515 671 447 865 200 280 110 51 58
Zebra Longwing|77 1 4 14 7 6 8 24 12 5 16 13 5 25 12 1 7 11 1
Variegated Fritillary|71 4 2 2 1 13 5 23 15 17 15 13 26 20 14 14 15 4 13 18 16 24 9 33 9 17 23 17 39 78 14 27 5 38 17 3 5
Diana Fritillary|142 3 168 17 5 8 1 1 3 1 2 1 7 2 8 1
Great Spangled Fritillary|143 1 21 10 8 167 51 21 15 1 11 4 2 1 3 9 6 25 15 2 2 2 2 1 1
Red-spotted Purple|90 2 1 7 10 71 105 86 96 135 63 83 85 156 130 74 105 160 79 77 64 69 110 212 233 143 49 50 30 8 3 4 1 5
Viceroy|91 2 2 5 6 5 12 2 1 14 2 5 12 23 19 12 12 22 14 22 8 61 41 76 44 33 21 15 13 8 9 4
Hackberry Emperor|17 1 6 4 46 126 33 54 101 20 16 31 55 168 131 78 68 32 93 80 160 370 108 48 40 8 3 1
Tawny Emperor|18 1 2 2 2 14 2 4 7 8 16 18 41 8 3 15 37 18 11 41 8 3 2
Silvery Checkerspot|40 1 4 10 21 68 11 67 3 1 2 15 16 120 111 4 7 10 27 167 93 6 1 1
Phaon Crescent|115 4 1 1 1 1 1 14 2 1 13 16 15 5 20 32 6 1 1 2 113 8 71 2 24 10 3 1
Pearl Crescent|116 2 3 39 38 64 313 311 290 546 294 184 138 222 254 494 284 222 166 181 209 169 207 127 249 169 506 473 314 233 384 342 322 164 157 101 45 12
Texan Crescent|14 5 1 1 1 4 38 55 1 1 29 21 7 37 3 17 64 53 4 103 5
Baltimore Checkerspot|74 7 1 5 13 1
Common Buckeye|85 3 34 14 32 1 34 28 23 85 108 90 140 103 140 149 156 175 82 81 82 106 80 180 94 157 239 268 449 185 286 421 256 432 191 194 160 60 73
White Peacock|11 2 1 8 1 13 1 1 13 2
Question Mark|126 7 10 44 71 46 53 30 20 25 15 60 57 102 51 53 19 10 11 34 29 41 35 18 22 20 20 33 38 45 29 22 16 10 31 19 33 16 11
Eastern Comma|127 11 2 4 2 9 4 11 3 4 7 8 15 27 12 6 1 3 3 2 4 5 3 1 2 2 10 3 3 1 2 4 3 2
Mourning Cloak|102 2 7 16 12 15 16 5 10 9 1 8 6 16 8 1 1 1
Red Admiral|150 4 1 2 9 33 41 30 33 23 46 38 11 23 16 2 5 9 7 3 18 13 26 13 8 16 14 5 7 8 15 13 10 11 21 9 7
Painted Lady|151 3 1 2 1 3 7 4 1 5 3 4 3 5 10 11 37 10 23 26 34 22 85 21 25 14 15 10 12 3
American Lady|152 1 3 5 11 4 16 36 47 42 95 65 98 121 78 97 162 57 21 28 25 15 12 24 7 19 8 5 10 15 6 16 8 4 7 6 11 7 11
Goatweed Leafwing|10 1 2 8 20 39 61 44 32 22 14 8 10 16 8 3 4 2 2 6 18 4 4 24 3 17 13 5 4 37 6 2 5 1
Southern Pearly-Eye|50 3 3 11 16 14 11 15 35 10 21 12 35 18 12 13 1 5 15 1 15 12 4 10 35 34 9 5 10 18 8 11 6 5 1
Northern Pearly-Eye|51 1 4 3 22 20 70 17 37 5 8 9 5 9 8 11 4 9 1 16 22 4 2 1
Creole Pearly-Eye|52 3 10 14 5 23 27 14 3 10 1 1 15 10 12 3 2 2 7 6 5 4 2
Appalachian Brown|141 6 22 2 6 11 8 4 11 1 10 23 7 9 4 6 1 19 13 2 5 2
Gemmed Satyr|46 11 6 43 79 87 104 74 25 20 17 22 15 15 18 22 23 3 14 12 24 2 24 7 36 22 20 12 18 48 20 16 15 13 2
Georgia Satyr|99 13 5 8 1 4 1 1 10 5 8 50 1 15 5 2 15
Helicta Satyr|100 5 1 1 1 3 2
Mitchell's Satyr|101 28 56 20 5 2 19 63 1
Little Wood Satyr|96 1 1 4 46 22 229 339 801 419 239 131 65 126 42 9 26 2 1 3
Intricate Satyr|157 1 1 3 17 2 1 2 10 8 10 21 2 1 1 1
Carolina Satyr|79 9 35 102 215 293 433 727 625 435 408 115 228 47 107 331 169 230 237 206 150 266 384 303 954 1012 337 187 455 298 185 138 65 64 20 20
Common Wood Nymph|39 1 4 2 3 16 11 7 9 2 10 1 5 14 3 11 9 2 6
Mercurial Skipper|158 1
Dusky Roadside-Skipper|8 1 1
Orange-barred Sulphur|160
Cassius Blue|86 5 3 2 8 7 1 1
Reakirt's Blue|49 1
Malachite|159 1