Alabama Butterfly Atlas

The Flight Periods Graph illustrates the timing of a species’ flight and gives an idea of your chances of encountering that butterfly during a particular time period.

Not all butterfly species that occur in Alabama can be seen on any given day.  Adult butterflies emerge from their chrysalides during particular times of the year when weather and food resources are the best for survival.  The time that adult butterflies are on the wing is called a flight.

The Flight Periods Graph lists the species observed, the number of individuals observed, and the month of the year.  Each month is divided into four periods.  The numbers are based on accumulated field data beginning in 2000.

USING THE GRAPH: Enter the name of a butterfly species in the SEARCH field to see its flight date records. To get a picture of which species are flying on a particular date, select that time period on the heading row of the chart.  Click once to sort from lowest to highest number of individuals for each species recorded during that time period.  Double click to sort from highest to lowest numbers.  Click on a common name to go to that species account within this atlas. 

Common Name Feb2 Feb3 Feb4 Mar1 Mar2 Mar3 Mar4 Apr1 Apr2 Apr3 Apr4 May1 May2 May3 May4 Jun1 Jun2 Jun3 Jun4 Jul1 Jul2 Jul3 Jul4 Aug1 Aug2 Aug3 Aug4 Sep1 Sep2 Sep3 Sep4 Oct1 Oct2 Oct3 Oct4 Nov1 Nov2 Nov3
Hoary Edge|2 7 4 17 39 66 118 244 102 47 56 3 22 41 77 140 170 127 93 30 39 8 7 3 1 2 1
Southern Cloudywing|147 3 3 20 16 24 24 31 25 77 32 25 29 13 8 29 31 42 101 134 68 40 26 40 10 19 1 4
Northern Cloudywing|146 36 52 53 80 77 75 119 76 46 39 3 2 5 9 27 43 83 62 24 7 16 1 1
Confused Cloudywing|148 1 2 2 3 1 5 3 3 3 3 3 10 15 6 6 4 2
Long-tailed Skipper|149 7 1 1 5 1 1 27 6 1 4 3 4 41 80 76 28 51 74 144 91 260 166 239 284 664 441 520 251 281 224 99 44
Golden Banded-Skipper|23 1 13 13 6 5 4 1 1 4 3 5 1 6
Silver-spotted Skipper|53 7 11 23 122 110 111 110 137 103 117 128 111 53 37 42 70 146 249 319 492 310 225 164 244 174 111 54 52 15 10 4 5 1 1 1
Common Sootywing|114 1 6 1 1 2 3 8 7 10 5 7 1
Hayhurst's Scallopwing|144 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 3
Common Checkered-Skipper / White Checkered-Skipper|131 2 10 15 34 39 55 120 81 31 38 22 14 54 77 60 28 24 18 79 140 212 98 122 45 98 58 138 90 218 165 243 171 197 163 184 173 104 47
White Checkered-Skipper|132 4 1 1
Tropical Checkered-Skipper|133 2 3 9 9 7 5 1 3 1 1 4 13 1 5 20 66 82 30 49 80 40 24 69 27 27 70 51 53 88 43 44 46 42 43
Dreamy Duskywing|55 1 2 1
Sleepy Duskywing|56 3 3 10 98 128 63 39 12 1 1
Mottled Duskywing|59 2 1 8 1 1 4 7 3 2 2
Juvenal's Duskywing|57 7 2 89 224 307 910 2093 1046 482 238 36 28 12 5 1 1 1 1 16
Horace's Duskywing|58 1 4 9 21 15 44 32 29 25 8 26 36 110 286 222 161 67 131 160 248 143 226 201 203 165 187 78 96 55 44 25 16 5 3
Zarucco Duskywing|60 3 1 1 3 6 4 5 4 1 2 1 4 8 20 4 4 8 4 12 18 22 28 19 23 22 10 16 9 2 5 15 1 1
Wild Indigo Duskywing|62 15 25 19 17 16 4 2 4 7 10 49 34 12 12 13 2 12 28 15 32 23 21 13 16 5 4 6 1
Palatka Skipper|63 2 21 13 29 1 2 3 44 42 22 2 15 14 1
Berry's Skipper|156 1 2
Dion Skipper|64 1 13 2 3 2 2 1 4 1 18 30 3 4 1 2
Bay Skipper|65 1
Dukes' Skipper|67 1 1
Palmetto Skipper|68 1 1 1 2 2 12 9 2
Dun Skipper|70 6 5 1 14 26 25 19 18 45 18 26 10 28 51 57 25 75 49 66 77 111 62 64 70 36 19 7 9 1
Delaware Skipper|12 3 7 6 2 1 2 2 5 8 1 7 9 9 12 7 9 1 1
Byssus Skipper|130 4 8 16 19 4 1 3 1 12 59 38 101 16 2 5 6
Fiery Skipper|84 2 14 12 19 13 16 25 19 30 35 41 56 43 47 113 87 130 185 261 443 528 487 785 317 261 250 452 458 433 452 720 444 210 192 262 194 126 29
Whirlabout|125 1 3 11 15 25 5 20 25 24 37 7 13 21 50 75 86 75 65 38 35 27 66 38 59 92 104 77 51 18 7 22 2 8
Crossline Skipper|124 1 1 2 17 10 44 10 8 1 1 3 2 3 3 6 24 5 26 8 11
Tawny-edged Skipper|123 2 2 3 7 12 7 16 24 23 7 2 2 4 1 10 12 4 13 5 19 22 17 18 26 6 6 4 1
Southern Broken-Dash|153 1 3 4 2 14 21 30 92 8 1 1 6 14 15 7 29 16 45 15 101 33 35 19 20 5 22 3 7 1
Northern Broken-Dash|154 2 14 14 8 8 2 2 1 2 4 5 3 3 14 22 9 9 6 5 1
Little Glassywing|128 1 1 19 39 71 34 22 7 12 1 2 6 20 49 202 129 58 28 39 53 29 18 11 8 6 2 1
Sachem|19 1 4 25 3 13 3 1 24 22 46 26 29 33 29 37 60 71 27 20 42 48 17 9 11 9 6
Cobweb Skipper|81 1 4 1
Dotted Skipper|82 1
Yehl Skipper|122 1 6 4 1 1 6 3 15 7 6 1 1
Broad-winged Skipper|121 1 1 1 1 7 8 5 50 35 19 4 2 1 1 6 4 10 17 3 1 2 6 5 4 15 1
Hobomok Skipper|119 2 1 1 5 11 69 7 8 1
Zabulon Skipper|120 1 6 24 39 62 82 109 128 245 108 45 14 14 22 39 84 71 69 65 71 94 63 90 56 44 33 19 9 1
Twin-spot Skipper|103 2 2 2 3 3 24 60 1 1 2 3 10 1 17 26 60 39 63 54 9 7 5 6 12 1 1
Dusted Skipper|22 2 1 24 40 11 1 1 2 1 1
Reversed Roadside-Skipper|5 1 1 1 2 6 1 3 2 1 2 1 1
Pepper and Salt Skipper|4 16 52 37 37 35 22 53 84 29 9 1 1 1 3
Lace-winged Roadside-Skipper|6 4 2 3 5 5 9 11 25 15 51 9 2 2 3 8 44 54 174 33 59 23 117 206 249 5 9 3 1 1
Dusky Roadside-Skipper|8 1 1 2 1
Common Roadside-Skipper|7 1 14 33 24 11 6 2 3 1 3 2 3 1 11 1
Bell's Roadside Skipper|9 2 2
Swarthy Skipper|97 1 2 1 3 6 15 12 1 2 2 2 8 17 12 8 16 3 15 4 24 36 4 21 10 6 1 1 1
Eufala Skipper|88 3 1 1 2 1 2 3 2 10 10 13 7 5 16 11 8 14 10 20 21 7 14 2 3 3 1 2
Clouded Skipper|87 22 18 42 62 58 75 58 40 19 7 15 27 58 66 71 39 133 84 130 93 268 261 278 304 763 451 280 233 193 61 37 2
Southern Skipperling|44 1 1 1 1 2 2 29 3 5 16 4 29 6 53 17 85 41 82 47 47 35 10 48 69 43 22 11 27 4 5 11 9
Salt Marsh Skipper|104 2 2 2 4 1 1 1 1 4 2 3 3 12 2 5 8
Ocola Skipper|105 1 7 1 2 10 14 19 22 46 25 39 46 67 49 166 324 383 291 467 128 118 68 38 28
Brazilian Skipper|34 27 10 2 4 2 5 2 4 1 5 4 7 5 27 15 7 9 7 8 1
Least Skipper|13 2 10 7 14 12 16 17 15 21 18 31 35 40 34 27 19 75 29 46 20 70 51 73 54 62 38 19 6 6
Yucca Giant-Skipper|94 3 2 2 17 42 40 9 13 4 2 1
Zebra Swallowtail|73 3 26 106 135 377 600 407 242 271 129 200 162 136 167 126 58 22 37 18 19 18 35 14 22 37 30 132 64 24 76 49 7 22 36 7
Pipevine Swallowtail|24 3 23 42 56 193 412 266 138 122 134 49 82 182 193 281 133 116 188 154 184 68 303 134 177 169 218 138 149 138 176 124 47 21 18 2
Black Swallowtail|106 10 4 18 23 30 39 48 30 27 22 8 28 22 15 69 30 53 63 67 103 85 86 117 76 98 98 115 87 42 41 56 28 9 1 1 2 2
Giant Swallowtail|111 2 4 5 21 30 18 9 10 11 1 14 12 25 27 26 29 27 15 26 21 86 19 42 31 81 46 32 35 26 21 10 1 3
Spicebush Swallowtail|109 4 21 9 49 180 142 86 175 197 217 190 96 153 121 34 42 97 76 172 159 308 202 130 127 187 82 66 25 15 6 5 1 1 1
Palamedes Swallowtail|110 23 19 53 59 89 71 59 50 44 28 4 1 25 15 32 27 87 77 47 16 32 31 42 79 67 100 99 90 44 10 20 1 2 1 2
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail|108 8 62 136 211 772 1303 811 717 454 544 309 282 140 201 183 166 105 243 195 404 262 553 441 540 639 619 347 263 144 106 24 5 4 1 1 1
Appalachian Tiger Swallowtail|107 1 10 20
Dainty Sulphur|98 1 1 1 6 24 1 2 255 7 8 19 4 38 13 11 39 46 8 14 1 4 2
Barred Yellow|72 1 1 8 21 8 4 30 4 11 32 19 22 74 17 8 15 97 21 25 21 156 19 90 72 92 40 40 31 82 80 29 17 8 34 6 10
Little Yellow|134 3 3 23 6 6 6 3 2 2 5 5 6 6 20 23 18 4 17 42 69 92 171 93 169 310 493 706 706 516 614 512 283 201 129 162 53 65
Sleepy Orange|1 3 11 55 59 51 54 76 18 10 10 42 31 17 39 121 46 79 80 152 160 320 282 425 360 491 409 543 386 1046 512 429 303 257 142 105 174 75 58
Clouded Sulphur|42 1 1 1 4 8 6 1 7 2 1 13 3 18 2 1 2 4 24 6 3 1 16 1 3 9 2 1 2
Orange Sulphur|43 1 20 5 48 6 19 45 12 4 65 22 73 39 27 68 17 11 54 8 59 140 89 81 6 6 6 29 6 7 6 12 3 17 3 13 2 2 2
Southern Dogface|155 1 18 3 3 4 5 3 8 40 1 4 46 3 37 46 40 46 21 7 4 6 8 55 23 48 26 20 21 13 8 7 43 1
Cloudless Sulphur|113 25 47 140 98 154 243 243 156 146 171 159 155 142 77 112 112 75 41 123 115 200 150 344 376 551 578 998 989 1200 1058 978 580 576 419 310 268 219 130
Falcate Orangetip|15 3 76 327 303 378 441 252 179 36 1 1
Great Southern White|16 1 1 25 54 8 1 1
Checkered White|129 1 4 3 1 1 3 12 11 5 37 7 8 28 39 32 65 127 17 2 10 1 4 3 2 2 12 3 1 2 2
Cabbage White|118 4 19 26 48 81 52 81 40 21 38 63 177 92 88 219 82 105 69 217 297 628 116 111 23 47 18 44 31 24 54 49 41 11 14 27 29 31 18
West Virginia White|117 1 7 21 6 16 4 1
Harvester|75 1 3 2 5 2 8 4 3 14 1 7 2 8 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 4 1 5 1
American Copper|92 8 4 1 1 12 10 16 22 2 3 24 61 13 1 3 3 3 3 3 1
Great Purple Hairstreak|20 1 1 8 2 5 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 6 1 5 2 9 5 9 1 8 11 13 11 12 8 5 3 2 1
White-M Hairstreak|112 3 6 11 8 13 7 1 1 1 3 1 5 1 1 1 4 1 4 2 5 2 2 10 4 4 1 1
Red-banded Hairstreak|35 5 5 23 112 72 288 497 335 436 293 61 46 30 16 85 28 96 164 86 78 80 43 69 34 102 164 323 414 551 308 243 99 75 31 34 17 5 1
Gray Hairstreak|145 3 1 2 2 6 6 2 2 14 9 52 14 41 17 27 31 39 61 68 35 70 58 57 102 101 85 133 98 110 94 42 8 3 3 1 1
Juniper Hairstreak|30 27 20 188 82 72 9 9 2 4 3 1 2 13 25 5 5 8 1 13 12 3 58 10 2
Hessel's Hairstreak|29 1 2 134 75 6 2 2 3
Eastern Pine Elfin|28 2 2 3 4 6 3 15 2 1 2 2 1 1 1
Henry's Elfin|33 3 24 25 46 74 36 20 3 3 7
Brown Elfin|31 17 6 5 1 1
Early Hairstreak|54 1 1
Coral Hairstreak|136 1 20 43 152 36 3 2
Oak Hairstreak|135 1 27 4 10 6 6 10 9 4
King's Hairstreak|139 4 2 8 15 7 2 1 1
Striped Hairstreak|140 1 5 15 32 33 33 8 3 4 1 2
Banded Hairstreak|138 1 3 36 65 68 81 69 8 9 1 1
Edwards' Hairstreak|137 61 194 87 38 8
Silvery Blue|76 3 1 1 2
Spring Azure|36 10 19 78 93 104 148 156 49 66 55 62 32 7 2 2
Summer Azure|37 1 4 4 5 26 64 286 335 296 480 630 270 201 89 132 121 128 130 41 92 100 158 103 52 41 62 8 1 1
Appalachian Azure|38 1 3 6 10 17
Eastern Tailed-Blue|45 1 1 2 10 82 296 306 177 274 153 108 116 133 231 165 223 357 114 120 111 151 172 116 118 123 129 290 279 165 299 248 84 29 15 5 3 1
Little Metalmark|26 1 1 1 1 1 19 7 3 6 1 2 8 1 4 5 2 3 14 32 32 129 9 5 2
Swamp Metalmark|27 4 34 5 10 2 6 10 11 6 2 1
American Snout|89 28 23 85 116 66 69 98 25 52 75 175 100 209 73 98 115 69 100 94 106 50 75 115 28 102 37 37 74 28 33 13 16 11 6 12 13 8 7
Monarch|47 23 24 26 15 12 78 89 88 108 55 45 22 26 21 31 25 7 12 14 20 19 27 54 28 77 65 200 174 184 160 198 364 539 1260 2336 388 393 186
Queen|48 1 1 1 7 3 3 1 4 1 7 16 7 1 1 8 8 1
Zebra Longwing|77 1 1 1 1 2 4 6 16 7 8 31 45 14 10 23 18 21 30 21 38 58 24 3
Gulf Fritillary|3 5 4 1 4 1 2 3 4 9 33 14 19 30 31 48 69 165 159 136 330 231 390 466 923 927 948 1028 1349 1014 1332 504 726 368 191 149
Variegated Fritillary|71 4 3 1 2 1 14 9 30 20 20 45 16 28 53 36 36 39 11 40 40 36 76 57 87 701 53 55 139 62 139 106 37 24 51 23 8 9
Diana Fritillary|142 1 1 1 15 351 111 26 16 9 8 3 2 7 10 8 33 25 57 8 1
Great Spangled Fritillary|143 1 21 12 35 183 105 32 16 2 19 24 4 4 10 14 12 30 18 7 3 6 2 3 2
Viceroy|91 3 4 8 9 5 14 5 1 16 8 18 14 34 32 14 17 40 24 43 18 81 68 130 66 61 48 32 41 26 10 4
Red-spotted Purple|90 1 2 6 24 42 106 144 126 157 193 85 110 199 208 159 110 127 183 128 146 129 160 194 345 436 358 126 147 76 26 18 11 5 5
Hackberry Emperor|17 1 7 7 54 139 72 95 179 64 58 61 115 249 203 122 210 68 185 174 277 468 203 88 100 28 6 15 1
Tawny Emperor|18 1 2 3 2 2 10 17 14 7 8 15 17 18 68 10 5 22 49 27 27 46 11 4 4
Mourning Cloak|102 2 7 20 40 18 17 7 10 9 1 9 6 17 8 1 1 1
Question Mark|126 22 25 139 128 123 73 81 27 35 47 72 90 138 77 66 28 18 18 39 37 44 43 39 38 43 50 60 52 81 37 57 52 28 46 65 51 29 13
Eastern Comma|127 11 3 7 4 17 7 27 6 6 8 15 16 27 14 8 3 5 4 2 4 6 4 2 5 2 12 5 4 2 3 5 1 5 8 5 2
American Lady|152 4 3 11 17 15 26 63 69 55 126 141 138 195 129 197 237 106 57 58 71 43 35 40 22 32 23 19 18 23 9 73 16 12 17 16 17 12 12
Painted Lady|151 3 1 1 1 2 2 3 8 5 2 5 1 6 15 9 27 34 33 53 23 44 34 49 28 119 31 44 33 25 20 23 6
Red Admiral|150 4 6 7 2 9 19 64 50 47 42 37 60 49 16 38 20 7 16 19 16 11 28 29 35 24 17 38 24 22 11 27 28 28 21 26 29 11 8
White Peacock|11 1 3 2 3 22 10 18 1 1 13 5
Common Buckeye|85 39 39 50 46 34 44 61 35 139 187 116 205 169 198 339 291 268 168 165 163 182 248 290 156 315 429 429 677 484 521 1058 699 751 325 363 386 108 119
Baltimore Checkerspot|74 7 8 5 14 21 7
Silvery Checkerspot|40 1 1 2 4 14 24 148 27 72 6 14 9 15 19 122 128 64 8 21 29 176 94 6 2 1
Texan Crescent|14 1 6 1 1 2 2 4 38 55 9 1 3 33 21 38 10 39 40 11 42 81 63 41 104 6
Pearl Crescent|116 2 2 10 77 102 201 628 500 453 654 423 263 233 296 383 662 511 396 357 268 320 260 444 240 350 389 747 722 667 416 585 571 459 323 320 193 77 17
Phaon Crescent|115 4 4 6 1 21 1 1 16 14 9 26 31 18 39 61 21 11 22 32 6 2 23 3 170 26 77 49 27 25 22 5
Goatweed Leafwing|10 1 27 24 36 64 116 83 40 28 15 14 11 19 12 4 4 2 3 17 19 8 22 24 5 17 23 6 7 38 9 5 2 3 5 1
Southern Pearly-Eye|50 4 6 20 24 20 16 18 47 26 25 13 40 24 16 16 15 11 15 11 22 18 6 19 41 45 13 11 30 27 11 32 7 8 1
Northern Pearly-Eye|51 1 5 3 35 59 88 31 48 9 8 10 11 9 15 16 48 5 11 3 24 27 6 9 9 2 4 1
Creole Pearly-Eye|52 1 3 21 21 6 24 29 14 6 10 2 1 16 16 19 7 4 2 10 11 14 3 6 4 8
Appalachian Brown|141 1 6 23 2 7 12 11 10 12 28 13 24 15 14 10 7 5 36 26 3 5 1 2
Gemmed Satyr|46 18 9 62 168 138 137 85 42 27 47 22 28 22 19 23 28 5 15 18 37 6 32 12 42 28 39 34 49 57 34 30 18 14 2
Little Wood-Satyr|96 1 5 7 50 65 325 444 1056 606 332 188 73 133 95 13 27 2 21 3 3
Carolina Satyr|79 5 16 72 157 475 513 630 942 959 761 674 193 369 91 165 484 369 352 326 239 333 478 673 855 1461 1380 781 424 839 578 445 258 123 100 40 24
Intricate Satyr|157 1 1 3 17 1 3 1 2 10 10 3 14 23 1 1 4 2 2 1
Georgia Satyr|99 18 1 5 16 1 4 7 1 4 6 10 7 9 72 11 40 10 7 21
Helicta Satyr|100 1 5 1 1 1 3 2
Mitchell's Satyr|101 51 63 37 2 5 5 79 80 22
Common Wood Nymph|39 1 10 14 21 33 22 11 10 7 13 4 6 20 8 17 11 6 6 1
Funereal Duskywing|61 1 1 1 1 1 7 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 1
Mercurial Skipper|158 1
Arogos Skipper|21 1
Meske's Skipper|83 1 1 2 1 1
Cofaqui Giant-Skipper|95 1
Orange-barred Sulphur|160
Mallow Scrub-Hairstreak|164 1
Cassius Blue|86 1 8 3 2 9 7 1 1 1
Marine Blue|163 1 2
Western Pygmy-Blue|162 1 1 22 2 1
Reakirt's Blue|49 1
Julia Heliconian|161 1 2
Malachite|159 1
Gorgone Checkerspot|41 4 4 4 1