Alabama Butterfly Atlas

The Flight Periods Graph illustrates the timing of a species’ flight and gives an idea of your chances of encountering that butterfly during a particular time period.

Not all butterfly species that occur in Alabama can be seen on any given day.  Adult butterflies emerge from their chrysalides during particular times of the year when weather and food resources are the best for survival.  The time that adult butterflies are on the wing is called a flight.

The Flight Periods Graph lists the species observed, the number of individuals observed, and the month of the year.  Each month is divided into four periods.  The numbers are based on accumulated field data beginning in 2000.

USING THE GRAPH: Enter the name of a butterfly species in the SEARCH field to see its flight date records. To get a picture of which species are flying on a particular date, select that time period on the heading row of the chart.  Click once to sort from lowest to highest number of individuals for each species recorded during that time period.  Double click to sort from highest to lowest numbers.  Click on a common name to go to that species account within this atlas. 

Common Name Feb2 Feb3 Feb4 Mar1 Mar2 Mar3 Mar4 Apr1 Apr2 Apr3 Apr4 May1 May2 May3 May4 Jun1 Jun2 Jun3 Jun4 Jul1 Jul2 Jul3 Jul4 Aug1 Aug2 Aug3 Aug4 Sep1 Sep2 Sep3 Sep4 Oct1 Oct2 Oct3 Oct4 Nov1 Nov2 Nov3
Hoary Edge|2 7 3 15 36 56 114 206 89 43 56 3 14 33 67 121 138 118 85 29 28 6 6 3 1 2 1
Southern Cloudywing|147 2 18 16 23 24 30 22 60 11 20 24 12 7 27 27 41 89 100 62 33 23 30 8 18 1 2
Northern Cloudywing|146 26 34 49 72 54 69 87 57 39 31 3 2 5 9 25 38 77 55 23 7 14 1
Confused Cloudywing|148 1 1 2 3 1 4 3 3 3 3 10 13 5 3 4 1
Long-tailed Skipper|149 6 1 4 1 27 4 4 3 1 38 53 61 25 40 60 102 71 199 101 196 129 296 275 377 210 219 202 73 38
Golden Banded-Skipper|23 1 7 11 6 5 4 1 4 3 5 1 6
Silver-spotted Skipper|53 3 4 16 76 56 59 90 99 82 81 87 91 34 34 31 51 108 223 203 359 227 156 119 152 76 78 35 26 10 5 4 4
Common Sootywing|114 6 1 2 1 8 7 10 3 7 1
Hayhurst's Scallopwing|144 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 3
Common Checkered-Skipper / White Checkered-Skipper|131 2 10 10 30 38 54 111 78 25 35 22 14 51 75 59 21 24 18 75 99 124 61 65 34 90 52 85 83 192 134 189 122 156 143 124 148 88 44
White Checkered-Skipper|132 4 1 1
Tropical Checkered-Skipper|133 2 2 9 9 6 5 3 1 3 13 1 1 17 31 55 16 24 76 39 24 54 19 16 19 18 40 69 42 43 26 38 43
Dreamy Duskywing|55 1 2 1
Sleepy Duskywing|56 1 3 10 92 114 61 39 12 1
Mottled Duskywing|59 2 1 8 1 2 6 1 2 2
Juvenal's Duskywing|57 5 2 7 94 245 730 1586 923 460 235 34 28 12 5 1 1 1 1 16
Horace's Duskywing|58 1 4 5 20 12 43 29 28 23 8 11 29 109 233 182 126 44 112 121 214 115 177 150 134 122 145 62 83 30 15 6 14 5 3
Zarucco Duskywing|60 1 1 1 6 4 5 4 1 2 1 4 8 20 3 3 7 4 10 18 19 26 14 19 17 10 14 5 1 5 12 1 1
Wild Indigo Duskywing|62 13 18 19 17 16 4 2 3 6 8 23 31 12 12 13 2 12 26 8 29 23 17 11 14 5 4 5 1
Palatka Skipper|63 2 21 13 28 1 2 3 19 38 21 2 15 14
Berry's Skipper|156 2
Dion Skipper|64 1 13 1 3 2 2 4 1 18 28 2 3 1 2
Bay Skipper|65 1
Dukes' Skipper|67 1 1
Palmetto Skipper|68 1 1 1 2 2 10 7 2
Dun Skipper|70 6 3 1 14 24 19 17 15 38 16 22 10 25 43 55 18 62 36 57 53 96 47 53 52 20 16 6 8
Delaware Skipper|12 3 7 4 2 1 2 2 3 7 1 5 9 6 12 7 2 1
Byssus Skipper|130 4 7 13 19 4 1 3 8 28 26 93 10 2 5 6
Fiery Skipper|84 2 14 12 17 11 13 21 19 23 33 40 56 35 38 88 65 123 118 224 386 432 362 622 252 201 191 381 390 364 338 569 353 123 178 210 163 119 27
Whirlabout|125 1 3 10 13 23 3 16 19 22 31 5 13 19 38 51 73 59 47 30 25 17 49 22 36 60 49 48 23 17 6 18 8
Crossline Skipper|124 1 1 2 16 8 25 10 8 1 1 2 1 3 3 5 24 4 1 8 11
Tawny-edged Skipper|123 2 2 3 5 7 3 8 20 18 7 2 2 4 9 10 2 10 4 17 19 9 14 20 4 6 4
Southern Broken-Dash|153 1 3 2 2 8 16 20 68 8 1 1 6 11 11 7 27 13 39 10 93 24 22 18 18 5 22 3 6 1
Northern Broken-Dash|154 2 5 9 7 8 2 2 1 2 4 5 3 3 11 20 5 9 6 5 1
Little Glassywing|128 1 1 10 35 63 26 20 7 12 1 2 6 18 41 121 105 44 20 31 23 9 15 11 7 6 1 1
Sachem|19 1 4 25 3 3 2 1 17 19 41 19 24 26 18 28 49 60 22 16 33 37 7 5 10 3 5
Cobweb Skipper|81 1 4 1
Dotted Skipper|82 1
Yehl Skipper|122 1 6 4 1 6 1 1 5 4 1
Broad-winged Skipper|121 1 1 1 1 7 7 5 41 35 13 4 2 6 4 9 9 3 1 1 5 4 14 1
Hobomok Skipper|119 2 1 1 5 11 67 7 8 1
Zabulon Skipper|120 1 1 13 25 38 78 76 115 199 95 44 12 6 12 14 59 67 33 43 53 76 45 65 43 29 30 16 5
Twin-spot Skipper|103 2 2 1 3 3 19 54 1 1 3 2 1 7 22 50 31 59 53 2 6 5 12 1 1
Dusted Skipper|22 2 1 24 30 2 1 1 2 1 1
Reversed Roadside-Skipper|5 1 2 6 1 1 1 1
Pepper and Salt Skipper|4 7 39 35 34 34 20 49 67 29 8 1 1 1 3
Lace-winged Roadside-Skipper|6 1 2 3 5 5 5 9 20 13 50 8 2 2 3 8 16 49 168 25 59 23 114 183 211 2 9 3 1
Dusky Roadside-Skipper|8 1 1 1
Common Roadside-Skipper|7 1 14 30 23 8 5 2 3 1 3 2 3 1 11 1
Bell's Roadside Skipper|9 2 2
Swarthy Skipper|97 1 1 1 2 4 7 1 1 2 2 8 15 12 8 15 3 15 2 20 23 2 20 10 5 1 1 1
Eufala Skipper|88 3 1 1 2 1 2 3 2 7 10 12 6 3 15 11 8 11 10 20 21 7 13 2 2 1
Clouded Skipper|87 20 17 37 62 44 69 38 32 19 7 11 27 53 55 66 34 98 69 117 75 235 230 196 197 634 320 186 180 155 56 30 2
Southern Skipperling|44 1 1 1 1 1 29 3 5 15 4 29 6 53 16 27 28 61 24 44 27 6 47 63 42 20 10 25 4 5 9 9
Salt Marsh Skipper|104 2 2 1 4 1 1 1 1 4 2 3 3 9 2 5 8
Ocola Skipper|105 1 2 1 2 4 9 17 20 24 17 26 36 56 38 136 156 303 197 358 87 97 67 27 27
Brazilian Skipper|34 27 10 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 5 3 7 5 25 15 7 9 7 8 1
Least Skipper|13 2 3 7 13 12 16 14 13 15 17 25 29 36 33 15 18 69 25 38 14 66 51 72 22 51 37 18 6 3
Yucca Giant-Skipper|94 3 1 6 33 39 9 13 4 2 1
Zebra Swallowtail|73 3 2 33 119 318 519 379 222 263 115 196 145 124 130 116 47 17 36 12 19 17 30 12 22 35 30 126 62 20 76 49 7 22 36 7
Pipevine Swallowtail|24 3 1 25 43 151 307 203 89 113 112 42 42 156 121 221 85 56 103 116 176 54 234 110 113 134 177 95 118 120 151 80 36 18 12 2
Black Swallowtail|106 10 1 10 8 24 32 43 14 20 16 5 24 6 12 60 11 38 39 56 69 61 73 66 54 74 79 63 67 30 28 38 22 8 1 1 2 2
Giant Swallowtail|111 1 2 4 16 24 14 6 8 10 1 13 10 14 23 8 16 25 11 24 18 55 13 32 28 69 25 20 21 13 20 9 1 3
Spicebush Swallowtail|109 1 18 7 41 153 120 62 160 183 204 143 78 134 92 32 35 83 48 154 127 257 135 88 107 158 50 50 12 6 5 3 1 1 1
Palamedes Swallowtail|110 3 16 49 55 69 49 60 49 44 17 4 1 24 9 31 17 69 56 41 15 28 14 31 64 47 86 42 75 37 10 20 1 2 1 1
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail|108 3 18 50 159 609 1043 632 594 403 461 253 204 121 172 146 134 83 206 144 364 197 387 304 357 471 405 218 128 63 53 13 3 2 1 1 1
Appalachian Tiger Swallowtail|107 1 10 20
Dainty Sulphur|98 1 1 2 7 1 253 5 3 9 11 11 9 20 4 3 1 3 1
Barred Yellow|72 1 1 2 2 6 3 20 4 11 16 4 22 50 10 8 7 94 8 20 20 139 13 66 36 80 28 22 9 15 28 20 16 8 23 2 9
Little Yellow|134 2 3 6 6 1 1 2 2 5 5 5 6 19 21 17 1 17 26 58 63 139 76 162 225 450 644 620 352 417 356 236 180 97 146 32 54
Sleepy Orange|1 2 11 27 33 48 44 68 12 10 10 42 23 12 33 107 33 68 61 136 99 276 232 351 309 356 346 381 281 320 246 317 171 182 128 68 136 39 50
Clouded Sulphur|42 1 1 4 8 6 1 7 2 1 13 3 18 2 1 2 4 24 6 3 1 16 1 3 9 2 1 2
Orange Sulphur|43 3 8 5 19 32 11 4 14 22 73 36 25 61 11 7 54 4 23 31 63 41 4 4 4 22 6 7 6 10 2 11 1 9 1 1 2
Southern Dogface|155 1 1 3 3 4 5 3 5 40 1 4 40 3 33 36 40 46 14 7 1 4 8 55 22 48 26 11 20 12 7 7 43 1
Cloudless Sulphur|113 18 39 78 34 145 213 218 121 118 147 137 131 84 56 97 98 55 29 113 54 147 127 273 306 439 495 792 769 778 659 705 329 411 271 149 189 158 113
Falcate Orangetip|15 42 106 255 281 411 224 175 36 1
Great Southern White|16 1 1 25 54 8 1 1
Checkered White|129 1 4 3 1 1 2 7 3 5 36 7 6 25 38 21 56 124 14 7 1 2 3 1 4 3 1 1 1
Cabbage White|118 4 16 16 42 79 46 73 21 20 34 59 124 65 79 186 36 79 48 197 215 544 73 75 21 18 5 17 13 12 16 39 39 5 14 26 23 10 16
West Virginia White|117 1 6 21 4 16 4 1
Harvester|75 2 4 1 8 4 1 14 1 6 8 1 2 2 1 2 2 4 1 5 1
American Copper|92 8 4 1 1 12 10 16 22 1 3 24 61 13 1 3 3 3 3 3 1
Great Purple Hairstreak|20 5 1 4 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 5 1 4 1 8 4 4 4 8 10 8 8 5 2 2 2 1
White-M Hairstreak|112 1 1 8 6 11 7 1 1 1 3 1 4 1 1 3 1 3 2 3 3 2 1 1
Red-banded Hairstreak|35 4 4 15 80 57 225 436 303 410 291 54 44 27 13 64 23 92 157 78 69 63 30 59 19 69 152 275 343 460 254 200 84 52 28 9 17 2 1
Gray Hairstreak|145 3 1 5 4 2 2 14 9 48 10 34 13 25 29 32 47 59 34 52 40 52 98 75 67 64 74 72 33 31 6 1 3
Juniper Hairstreak|30 3 18 125 63 71 8 9 1 2 3 1 2 11 24 5 5 8 1 13 8 3 57 6 1
Hessel's Hairstreak|29 1 2 132 74 6 2 2 3
Eastern Pine Elfin|28 1 1 2 4 6 3 15 2 1 2 2 1 1 1
Henry's Elfin|33 1 11 23 39 69 34 20 3 3 7
Brown Elfin|31 17 6 4 1
Early Hairstreak|54 1 1
Coral Hairstreak|136 1 20 29 142 31 3 2
Oak Hairstreak|135 27 3 9 1 6 10 9 3
King's Hairstreak|139 4 1 8 14 7 2 1 1
Striped Hairstreak|140 1 5 14 32 33 32 6 2 4 1 2
Banded Hairstreak|138 1 3 32 53 64 76 64 8 6 1 1
Edwards' Hairstreak|137 10 77 60 21 8
Silvery Blue|76 3 1 1 2
Spring Azure|36 2 6 35 52 90 130 144 42 63 41 59 28 7 2 1
Summer Azure|37 1 3 1 3 17 42 266 275 271 355 435 211 139 68 81 108 104 109 28 65 67 120 87 45 17 61 1 1 1
Appalachian Azure|38 1 3 6 10 17
Eastern Tailed-Blue|45 1 1 9 68 213 281 161 250 139 97 93 108 202 133 196 345 108 116 105 132 163 115 104 111 125 228 256 120 236 211 79 24 14 5 2 1
Little Metalmark|26 1 1 1 1 1 19 7 3 6 1 2 8 3 5 2 11 31 32 109 9 5 2
Swamp Metalmark|27 4 34 5 10 2 6 10 11 6 2 1
American Snout|89 17 1 56 56 63 63 73 19 50 55 175 96 193 67 72 93 50 84 86 99 49 66 103 25 97 33 29 72 15 29 11 10 8 5 11 13 8 7
Monarch|47 23 22 24 4 8 70 58 52 81 43 28 21 18 11 25 17 4 11 8 14 19 25 41 27 74 52 143 144 124 121 121 149 376 917 2251 342 332 182
Queen|48 1 1 1 7 3 3 1 4 1 7 15 5 1 1 8 8 1
Zebra Longwing|77 1 1 2 4 6 14 7 8 31 45 14 9 22 17 18 30 20 36 55 24 3
Gulf Fritillary|3 4 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 8 8 9 14 18 28 36 17 113 117 66 198 166 215 350 626 678 679 648 866 600 1065 408 469 297 121 116
Variegated Fritillary|71 4 3 2 1 14 5 30 17 19 40 14 26 43 29 23 31 9 27 36 29 71 23 68 648 36 43 41 47 94 26 35 19 41 19 4 5
Diana Fritillary|142 1 14 288 68 26 16 9 8 3 2 7 10 8 25 23 57 8 1
Great Spangled Fritillary|143 1 21 10 33 175 99 30 16 2 19 24 4 3 10 14 12 30 17 7 3 6 2 3 1
Viceroy|91 2 2 7 7 5 12 4 1 15 8 9 13 28 30 14 14 35 18 36 15 76 65 93 47 41 29 18 38 15 10 4
Red-spotted Purple|90 2 3 11 25 89 139 102 149 162 79 90 92 177 137 91 117 176 81 120 88 117 150 255 317 202 74 93 48 17 14 7 4 5
Hackberry Emperor|17 1 7 6 51 131 53 79 151 34 40 50 82 220 190 96 159 56 142 121 225 416 131 60 63 20 3 15 1
Tawny Emperor|18 1 2 3 2 5 16 2 4 8 14 17 18 52 9 3 20 44 22 16 46 10 3 4
Mourning Cloak|102 2 7 18 39 17 17 7 10 9 1 8 6 16 8 1 1 1
Question Mark|126 14 17 77 83 110 65 55 22 32 36 69 81 113 71 58 21 13 13 37 31 43 37 27 33 36 34 50 43 50 31 43 23 19 40 25 45 22 13
Eastern Comma|127 11 2 6 2 13 4 14 3 4 8 11 16 27 12 6 1 3 3 2 4 5 3 2 2 2 10 5 3 2 2 4 3 2
American Lady|152 4 3 7 14 12 23 56 59 52 120 104 125 166 106 154 193 97 48 45 60 35 26 32 18 29 19 15 18 20 7 24 11 9 15 12 16 10 12
Painted Lady|151 3 1 1 2 2 3 8 4 2 5 1 4 14 8 13 18 31 46 20 40 30 40 23 89 27 34 25 17 20 21 6
Red Admiral|150 4 6 6 2 9 18 55 45 41 39 36 56 40 13 30 20 5 5 13 10 6 22 15 30 16 13 34 19 10 10 12 21 26 13 11 24 10 8
White Peacock|11 1 3 2 3 22 10 18 1 1 13 4
Common Buckeye|85 35 39 23 34 32 40 55 32 135 184 114 188 141 185 286 254 265 141 148 134 153 230 263 120 204 316 353 606 344 349 583 423 586 284 289 345 74 105
Baltimore Checkerspot|74 7 8 5 14 21 1
Silvery Checkerspot|40 1 1 2 4 14 22 128 26 71 5 2 2 15 16 122 126 40 8 21 28 175 93 6 1 1
Texan Crescent|14 5 1 1 1 4 38 55 9 1 2 29 23 7 37 3 1 18 80 55 5 103 5
Pearl Crescent|116 2 2 6 39 82 103 448 399 377 620 352 244 174 281 338 573 397 295 319 244 297 240 384 180 314 310 630 600 524 266 491 440 406 303 252 161 56 15
Phaon Crescent|115 4 4 6 20 1 1 16 14 7 25 28 18 39 61 21 11 22 32 6 1 23 3 130 19 73 12 24 23 16 1
Goatweed Leafwing|10 1 9 9 35 55 104 75 37 25 15 12 11 16 10 4 4 2 3 17 19 8 20 24 3 17 22 6 6 37 9 1 2 1 5 1
Southern Pearly-Eye|50 3 6 18 21 18 11 17 36 18 25 13 37 21 14 13 15 10 15 11 15 13 5 18 39 43 9 6 27 21 10 31 7 6 1
Northern Pearly-Eye|51 1 4 3 22 52 76 30 43 9 8 9 11 7 10 14 45 5 9 1 18 26 5 4 1 4 1
Creole Pearly-Eye|52 1 3 14 16 5 24 29 14 4 10 2 1 16 15 19 3 3 2 8 9 5 2 6 2 8
Appalachian Brown|141 6 23 2 7 12 11 6 11 28 13 23 7 13 5 7 3 21 20 2 5 1 2
Gemmed Satyr|46 11 9 53 142 112 122 76 35 26 24 22 26 15 18 22 28 5 14 18 33 3 30 11 37 24 27 16 41 55 26 25 18 14 2
Little Wood-Satyr|96 1 1 5 47 63 263 435 952 602 290 176 70 130 94 13 27 2 21 3 3
Carolina Satyr|79 3 9 56 123 336 389 527 868 798 670 491 156 326 75 123 365 334 293 319 229 261 363 536 539 1233 1210 559 257 671 386 282 241 114 85 34 24
Intricate Satyr|157 1 1 3 17 1 2 1 2 10 10 13 22 2 1 1 1
Georgia Satyr|99 14 5 8 1 4 7 1 4 1 10 5 8 68 3 35 9 7 17
Helicta Satyr|100 1 5 1 1 1 3 2
Mitchell's Satyr|101 36 63 25 2 5 3 70 80 22
Common Wood Nymph|39 1 10 10 20 32 17 11 10 2 13 3 5 19 6 11 11 6 6 1
Funereal Duskywing|61 1 1 1 1 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Mercurial Skipper|158 1
Arogos Skipper|21 1
Meske's Skipper|83 1 1
Cofaqui Giant-Skipper|95 1
Orange-barred Sulphur|160
Cassius Blue|86 1 8 3 2 8 7 1 1
Western Pygmy-Blue|162 1
Reakirt's Blue|49 1
Julia Heliconian|161 2
Malachite|159 1
Gorgone Checkerspot|41 4 4 4 1